The Macro Backdrop for Children

  • Suchit Arora
Part of the International Perspectives on Aging book series (Int. Perspect. Aging, volume 12)


The macroeconomic and political milieus received by successive cohorts of children since the early nineteenth century varied considerably. Over the long term, children have been brought up under growing prosperity, though beset often by economic volatility such as the one in the inter-war years. Cohorts raised in the nineteenth century received extreme inequalities of income, wealth, and physiological development. They were also brought up under political inequality. A polity beset by patronage, paralysis of reform, and limited franchise, in the early nineteenth century, gradually gave way to an extension of the franchise in the late nineteenth century, coinciding roughly with some of the more pivotal public health reforms in the UK’s history.


Aging Hysteresis Economic growth Sovereign debt Fiscal constraints Poor laws Income and wealth inequality Functional distribution of income Socio-economic gradient Average stature Institutions Patronage politics Politics of public health Robin Hood paradox Franchise Acts Municipal Franchise Act Public Health Acts Natural experiment 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suchit Arora
    • 1
  1. 1.State Teachers Retirement System of OhioColumbusUSA

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