Physical Geology of Shallow-Level Magmatic Systems—An Introduction

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Volcanology book series (VOLCAN)

Abstract

The fate of magma is commonly seen as either eruption from volcanic vents or emplacement at depth into the crust. However, magmas often solidify in the very shallow crust (i.e. less than ca. 3 km deep), as either subhorizontal intrusions such as sills and laccoliths, or as frozen vertical conduits, i.e. dykes. Which of these processes will prevail is controlled by intrinsic parameters like magma density, viscosity, volume and ascent rate. Among external parameters, far field stress, as well as variations of density and strength in the host rock, are significant.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università di PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.TU BergakademieFreibergGermany

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