Advertisement

Morphology and the Cyclic Evolution of Danube Delta Spits

  • Alfred Vespremeanu-Stroe
  • Luminiţa Preoteasa
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 12)

Abstract

This chapter is about the sand spits formation in relation with the evolution and morphology of the Danube mouths and deltaic lobes, developed within the general framework of the virtually tideless Black Sea basin in a medium-wave energy environment. It deals with both barrier spits and islands, in respect to their processual development as most of the Danube delta spits derive from former barrier islands. The morphodynamics of the modern spit barriers associated to Danube mouths is discussed in relation with human induced fluvial discharge decline and long-term storminess variability. Regarding the Danube delta evolution, based on the morphology, internal structure and revised chronologies, the authors argue for the first time that all open-coast deltaic lobes had or have an evolution marked by the cyclic development of sandy barrier spits and islands in front of their downdrift units.

Keywords

Cyclic evolution Danube delta Black Sea 

References

  1. Antipa G (1917) Câteva probleme Ştiinţifice şi economice privitoare la Delta Dunării. An Acad Rom Mem Sect St 2(36):61–135Google Scholar
  2. Ashton AD, Giosan L (2011) Wave-angle control of delta evolution. Geophys Res Lett 38(13):L13405Google Scholar
  3. Bhattacharya JP, Giosan L (2003) Wave-influenced deltas: geomorphologic implications for facies reconstruction. Sedimentology 50:187–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bondar C, Panin N (2001) The Danube Delta hydrologic database and modelling. Geo- Eco-Marina, 5–6. Bucharest-Constanţa, Romania, 5–52Google Scholar
  5. Brânduş C, Canciu C (2011) On the geomorphologic evolution of the Chilia secondary delta. Present Environ Sustain Dev 5(2):101–110Google Scholar
  6. Bulgakov NP, Yurkova IY (1999) Contemporary state of the investigations of the influence of the discharge of rivers on the hydrologic structure of the Black Sea. Phys Oceanogr 10(6):541–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carozza JM, Micu C, Mihail F, Carozza L (2012) Landscape change and archaeological settlements in the lower Danube valley and delta from early Neolithic to Chalcolithic time: a review. Quat Int 261:21–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coteţ P (1960) Evoluţia morfohidrografică a Deltei Dunării (O sinteză a studiilor deja existente şi o nouă interpretare). Probleme de geografie VII:97–108Google Scholar
  9. Dan S, Stive MJF, Walstra DJR, Sabatier F (2007) Sediment budget of the Danube delta coastal zone. In: Proceedings of coastal sediments 2007. ASCE, New Orleans, USA, pp 207–220Google Scholar
  10. Dan S, Walstra DJR, Stive MJF, Panin N (2011) Processes controlling the development of a river mouth spit. Mar Geol 280:116–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. de Martonne E (1931) Europe centrale, vol II. A. Colin, Paris, pp 786–787Google Scholar
  12. Diaconu C, Mihailov VN (1963) Procesele formarii deltei in etapa actuala. In: Diaconu C, Nichiforov ID (eds) Zona de vărsare a Dunării. Editura Tehnică, Bucharest, pp 192–222Google Scholar
  13. Giosan L (2007) Morphodynamic feedbacks on deltaic coasts: lessons from the wave-dominated Danube delta. In: Proceedings of coastal sediments 2007. ASCE, New Orleans, USA, pp 828–841Google Scholar
  14. Giosan L, Donnelly JP, Constantinescu Ş, Filip F, Ovejanu I, Vespremeanu - Stroe A, Vespremeanu E, Duller GAT (2006) Young Danube delta documents stable Black Sea level since the middle Holocene: morphodynamic, paleogeographic, and archaeological implications. Geology 34(9):757–760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Giosan L, Coolen MJL, Kaplan JO, Constantinescu S, Filip F, Filipova-Marinova M, Kettner AJ, Thom N (2012) Early anthropogenic transformation of the Danube – Black Sea system. Sci Rep 2:582. doi: 10.1038/srep00582 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ionescu-Dobrogeanu I (1909) Formarea deltei Dunării. Bul Soc Rom Regale de Geografie XXX:35–48Google Scholar
  17. Maselli V, Tricardi F (2013) Man-made deltas. Sci Rep 3(19):26. doi: 10.1038/srep01926 Google Scholar
  18. Panin N (1974) Evolutia Deltei Dunãrii în timpul Holocenului. Studii tehnice şi economice – Institutul Geologic 5:107–121Google Scholar
  19. Panin N (1983) Black Sea coast line changes in the last 10.000 years a new attempt after ancients. Dacia XXVII:25–36Google Scholar
  20. Panin N (1999) Global changes, sea level rise and the Danube Delta: risks and responses. Geo-Eco-Marina 4:19–29. Bucharest, RomaniaGoogle Scholar
  21. Panin N (2003) The Danube Delta geomorphology and Holocene evolution: a synthesis. Géomorphologie: Relief, Processus, Environnement 4:247–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Panin N, Jipa D (2002) Danube River sediment input and its interaction with the north-western Black Sea. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 54:551–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Preoteasa L, Roberts HM, Duller GAT, Vespremeanu-Stroe A (2009) Late-Holocene coastal dune system evolution in the Danube Delta, NW Black Sea Basin. J Coast Res 56:347–351Google Scholar
  24. Preoteasa L, Vespremeanu-Stroe A, Hanganu D, Katona O, Timar-Gabor A (2013) In: Conley DC, Masselink G, Russell PE, O’Hare TJ (eds) Coastal changes from open coast to present lagoon system in Histria region (Danube delta). Proceedings 12th international coastal symposium, Plymouth, England. J Coast Res (Spec Issue 65):564–569Google Scholar
  25. Preoteasa L, Vespremeanu-Stroe A, Tătui F, Zăinescu F, Gabor-Timar A, Cârdan I, (submitted to Geomorphology) The evolution of the Sf. Gheorghe (Danube) asymmetric deltaic lobe in association with the cyclic development of a river-mouth bar and present adaptations to human-induced sediment depletionGoogle Scholar
  26. Vespremeanu E (1983) Geomorphological evolution of Sfântu Gheorghe arm mouth (Danube delta, North-West of the Black Sea) in the last 200 years. Revue Roumaine de Geologie, Geographie et Geophysique 27:61–68Google Scholar
  27. Vespremeanu E, Vespremeanu-Stroe A, Constantinescu SŞ (2004) The Black Sea level oscillations in the last 150 years. Analele Universităţii Bucureşti – seria Geografie LIII:69–76Google Scholar
  28. Vespremeanu-Stroe A (2004) Transportul de sedimente în lungul ţărmului şi regimul valurilor pe coasta Deltei Dunării. Studii şi Cercetări de Oceanografie Costieră 1:67–82Google Scholar
  29. Vespremeanu-Stroe A (2007) Ţărmul Deltei Dunării, Edit. Universitară, Bucureşti, 210 pGoogle Scholar
  30. Vespremeanu-Stroe A (2013) The evolution of the Danube river mouths. The National Symposium of Geomorphology, Suceava, June 2013 (oral communication)Google Scholar
  31. Vespremeanu-Stroe A, Preoteasa L, Hanganu D, Brown T, Bîrzescu I, Toms P, Timar-Gabor A (2013) The impact of the Late Holocene coastal changes on the rise and decay of the ancient city of Histria (Southern Danube delta). Quat Int 293:245–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zenkovich VP (1956) Zagadka Dunaiskoi Delty. Priroda 45:86–90Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of GeographyUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations