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Felix Mandl

1892–1957
  • Scott M. Thompson
  • Geoffrey B. Thompson
Chapter

Abstract

Felix Mandl M.D. (1892–1957), as a young surgical resident in Vienna, performed the first documented parathyroidectomy in 1925 on Albert Jahne, a 34-year-old streetcar conductor suffering from osteitis fibrosa cystica. Mandl’s bold willingness to challenge pathologist Jacob Erdheim’s hypothesis of compensatory parathyroid hyperplasia in osteitis fibrosa cystica resulted in the first successful parathyroidectomy, thereby establishing certain fundamental principles of parathyroid pathophysiology and laying the foundation for the modern surgical management of parathyroid disorders.

Mandl’s pioneering career in surgery, medicine, and science led to significant contributions to the fields of general and endocrine surgery, traumatology, regional anesthesiology, and endocrine physiology. He became a leader in numerous local, regional, and international surgical societies and was promoted to the rank of master surgeon by the International College of Surgeons. Tragically, he passed away in 1957 at the age of 65 as a result of acute heart failure following a severe case of grippe.

Keywords

Felix Mandl Jacob Erdheim Parathyroid Hyperplasia Parathyroidectomy Osteitis fibrosa cystica Vienna Master surgeon International College of Surgeons 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Scientist Training Program, College of MedicineMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Surgery, College of MedicineMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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