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Trophic Relationships of Limnoperna fortunei with Larval Fishes

  • Esteban M. PaolucciEmail author
  • Erik V. Thuesen
Chapter
Part of the Invading Nature - Springer Series in Invasion Ecology book series (INNA, volume 10)

Abstract

This chapter reviews investigations concerning the importance of veligers of the exotic bivalve Limnoperna fortunei in the diets of larval fish in the Río de la Plata basin. These studies have shown that of the 25 fish taxa studied, 18 consumed veligers of L. fortunei. These species included the most abundant members of Characiformes and Siluriformes. The relative frequency and biomass contribution of L. fortunei larvae differed strongly in pimelodid and Prochilodus lineatus larvae at different developmental stages and in different environments. Thus, as fish larvae grew, their diets shifted from veligers to other prey items. The fact that the earliest fish larvae are the most active consumers of veligers is particularly significant because these early larvae usually represent the most vulnerable life stage when mortality rates are the highest. In addition, field data and laboratory experiments indicate that small crustaceans have been largely replaced by L. fortunei veligers in diets of fish larvae, especially when veligers are abundant. Selectivity for feeding on veligers was recorded in the field and in laboratory experiments by manipulating prey density. Experiments also demonstrated that P. lineatus larvae grew to a significantly larger size with a high concentration of veligers in the diet. This new and abundant food resource appears to have a very important impact on the survival and growth of P. lineatus and probably other fish species as well.

Keywords

Limnoperna fortunei Golden mussel Predation by fish Ecological impact Trophic interactions Fish diet Fish larvae Veligers 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Instituto de Ecología, Genética y Evolución de Buenos Aires (IEGEBA)Universidad de Buenos Aires-CONICET, Ciudad UniversitariaBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ‘Bernardino Rivadavia’-CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Laboratory 1The Evergreen State CollegeOlympiaUSA

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