Factors Influencing the Runoff Trend in a Medium Sized River Basin in the Western Ghats, India

  • P. P. Nikhil RajEmail author
  • P. A. Azeez
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


The present study examines the trends in the annual runoff of a tropical river basin Bharathapuzha, a medium sized river in southern India under the influences of anthropogenic pressures and climate change. The examination of the temporal trends in the rainfall, temperature and river runoff was done using historical datasets. It was supplemented with the data on the land use/land cover (LU/LC) change in the basin based on the LANDSAT TM data. By using a multiple regression model, the influential factors determining the river discharge were identified. The results show that while the rainfall influences the runoff positively, new water bodies, dams and other diversions in the fluvial setup in the basin influence the river runoff negatively.


Tropical river system Bharathapuzha River runoff Climate change Land use Regression model 



We are thankful to the IMD, Government of India, Pune, Irrigation Department, Government of Kerala, and the Central Water Commission (Coimbatore and Cochin offices) for providing various data sets on meteorology and river runoff. We thank the Global Land Cover Facility for the RS data. Thanks are also due to the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Impact Assessment DivisionSálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON)CoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Sustainable FutureAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia

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