Microbial Biodiversity of Selected Major River Basins of India

  • Ramasamy BalagurunathanEmail author
  • Thanganvel Shanmugasundaram
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


Indian subcontinent is one of the richest regions in terms of biodiversity. River and its watersheds are the nurseries and habitats for biodiversity, including the microorganisms. In this paper, the biodiversity and ecological significance of four major Indian river basins namely, the Ganges, the Cauvery, the Krishna and the Godavari are reviewed with special emphasis on microorganisms. Through this review we demonstrate that recording and detecting the microbial biodiversity and ecology of river basins would help in the formulation and implementation of appropriate conservation and management strategies in the river ecosystems. It has also shown that, the Ganges river basin is the major microbial diversity region, consisting of nearly 0.5−2.0 × 106 cfu/ml followed by the Cauvery river basin (0.33−2.6 × 105 cfu/ml), Krishna and Godavari basins >0.1−1.0 × 104 cfu/ml.


Biodiversity River basin Microorganisms Conservation Ecology 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramasamy Balagurunathan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thanganvel Shanmugasundaram
    • 1
  1. 1.Actinobacterial Research LaboratoryDepartment of Microbiology, Periyar UniversitySalemIndia

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