Natural and Anthropogenic Determinants of Freshwater Ecosystem Deterioration: An Environmental Forensic Study of the Langat River Basin, Malaysia

  • Ahmad Zaharin ArisEmail author
  • Wan Ying Lim
  • Ley Juen Looi
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


Freshwater ecosystems face numerous threats that challenge the local authorities’ ability on tackling down the water security (quantity and quality) issues and their management. The quality of surface water is an essential component of the natural environment and is considered as the main factor for controlling ecosystem health and potential hazard to the surrounding environment. The Langat River Basin in Selangor, Malaysia is exposed to natural and anthropogenic activities. A forensic investigation via the use of geostatistical and geochemical approaches and different standard criteria revealed two sources controlling the evolution of Langat River Basin water chemistry: (i) anthropogenic (agricultural and industrial activities) and (ii) natural processes (seawater intrusion and geological weathering). In addition, the suitability of river water for various purposes was determined based on the application of selected indicators and indices. The findings serve as an essential platform for the protection of water resources.


Environmental forensics Geostatistics Geochemistry Heavy metals Pollution indices Indicators 



This research was funded by Research University Grant Scheme (RUGS) vot no. 9199751, no. project 03-01-11-1142RU from Universiti Putra Malaysia and the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) project number 09-09 RG/EAS/AS_C/UNESCO FR: 3240231216.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Zaharin Aris
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wan Ying Lim
    • 1
  • Ley Juen Looi
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Forensics Research Centre, Faculty of Environmental StudiesUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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