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Mechanisms and Spatio-temporal Variations of Meandering and Erosion-Deposition Statistics of the Dhansiri River, Assam

  • P. KotokyEmail author
  • M. K. Dutta
Chapter
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

The highly meandered Dhansiri River, a south bank tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra bears significant geomorphologic importance. Spanning the period 1914–2000, a stretch of the Dhansiri River channel from Dhansirimukh to Nowakota Kachari was studied with an objective to understand the erosion-deposition activities operating within the channel. Owing to its location on an alluvial plain, the river shows conspicuous migration characteristics. It has also imparted unique fluvial landscape in the study area. The river channel within the period under observation has migrated to the tune of 2.85 km towards south at Dhansirimukh in conjunction with the southward migration of the mighty Brahmaputra River channel. The study has revealed a total average annual erosion and deposition covering the entire period were 1.32 and 1.27 km2/year respectively. The total average rate of erosion and deposition per kilometer length of the river were 0.006375 and 0.00625 km2/km respectively. Increasing rate of erosion since the year 1914, comparatively higher erosion along the west bank than the right bank have also been observed. The areas around Butalikhowa, Golaghat and Kuruabahi have under gone severe erosion posing a threat to the population in the vicinity.

Keywords

Dhansiri river Brahmaputra Meandering Bankline migration Erosion 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Council of Scientific and Industrial ResearchNorth East Institute of Science and TechnologyJorhatIndia
  2. 2.Jorhat Engineering CollegeJorhatIndia

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