Optimal Siting of Shallow Subsurface Intake Technologies

  • Scott A. JenkinsEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Development of subsurface SWRO intake systems along the shoreline or in the nearshore environment requires careful evaluation before they can be successfully developed. These environments are zones of high energy and changes that impact the long-term viability of subsurface intake systems. A key aspect for evaluation is a detailed analysis of the sediment budget and transport system along the beach and nearshore environments. Erosion of the shoreline or rapid deposition could cause the failure of many subsurface intake systems, especially beach and offshore gallery intakes. Both the seasonal fluctuations in shoreline profiles and the long-term trends in sedimentation must be evaluated. Large capacity subsurface SWRO intake systems, such as that proposed at Huntington Beach, California, require an optimal siting and evaluation analysis to be conducted using modern modeling and analytical methods. A detailed summary of global littoral and nearshore processes as related to the design and construction of subsurface intake systems is presented with a detailed analysis showing how the natural system was evaluated to select a stable site for a seabed gallery (infiltration) system at Huntington Beach, California, which is a high energy shoreline that creates considerable challenges in siting and construction.


Wave Height Submarine Canyon Radiation Stress Longshore Current Littoral Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of California San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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