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Overview of Intake Systems for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Facilities

  • Thomas PankratzEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

The intake is a critical component of every seawater reverse osmosis facility and controls to a great degree the design and operational cost of downstream treatment processes. Two general classes of intake types occur; surface or open-ocean intakes and subsurface intakes. Globally, most large-capacity SWRO plants use open-ocean intake systems with the actual intake located either onshore (commonly shared with a power plant) or offshore. The most common offshore intake type uses a velocity cap at the top of the invert pipe. Inshore or offshore passive screen intakes are used to reduce the impacts of impingement and entrainment. Subsurface intake systems, either wells or galleries, are being used in hundreds of small to medium capacity SWRO facilities. Because of the greater attention being given to the environmental impacts of impingement and entrainment of marine organisms, subsurface intake systems are being specified for a greater number of facilities with higher capacity.

Keywords

Horizontal Well Desalination Plant Vertical Well Entrance Velocity Seawater Desalination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Missimer, T. M. (2009). Water supply development, aquifer storage, and concentrate disposal for membrane water treatment facilities (2nd ed.). Methods in Water Resources Evaluation Series No. 1. Sugar Land, TX: Schlumberger Water Services.Google Scholar
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  3. Pankratz, T. (2007). Desalination: Intake and pretreatment options. In Presentation at Conference on Middle East Electricity, Dubai, UAE, February 12, 2007.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Desalination ReportHoustonUSA

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