Focal Infectious Diseases

  • Renato FinazziEmail author


The incidence of pyogenic liver abscess is about 10 cases per million persons per year, or 15 cases per 100,000 hospital admissions, with a lethality rate of 6–14 %, even if treated [1, 2]. The patient usually is middle aged, and the incidence is higher between the fifth and sixth decade (the period in which the incidence of biliary disease is higher as well). No difference can be observed as regards sex and ethnic or geographical origin.


Infective Endocarditis Liver Abscess Hydatid Disease Cystic Hydatid Disease Alveolar Hydatid Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Johannsen EC et al (2000) Pyogenic liver abscesses. Infect Dis Clin North Am 14:547–563CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ferraioli G et al (2008) Percutaneous and surgical treatment of pyogenic liver abscesses: observation over a 21-year period in 148 patients. Dig Liver Dis 40:690–696CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Garrido D et al (2013) Liver abscess as a complication of laparoscopic gastric banding bariatric surgery. Surg Infect (Larchmt) 14(5):464–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hyun Cheol K et al (2013) Should colonoscopy be performed in patients with cryptogenic liver abscess? Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 37:86–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Moore R et al (2013) Community-acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess: an emerging infection in Ireland and Europe. Infection 41:681–686CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu Y et al (2013) An increasing prominent disease of Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess: etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Gastroenterol Res Pract. Article ID 258514, 12 pGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mangukiya DO (2012) A prospective series case study of pyogenic liver abscess: recent trends in etiology and management. Indian J Surg 74(5):385–390CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yu-Meng T et al (2005) An appraisal of surgical and percutaneous drainage for pyogenic liver abscesses larger than 5 cm. Ann Surg 241(3):485–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lee-Won C et al (2014) Successful treatment of liver abscesses secondary to foreign body penetration of the alimentary tract: a case report and literature review. World J Gastroenterol 20(13):3803–3711Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tan L et al (2013) Laparoscopic drainage of cryptogenic liver abscess. Surg Endosc 27:3308–3314CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gilbert DN et al (2013) The Sanford guide to antimicrobial therapy, 43rd edn. Antimicrobial Therapy, Inc. Sperryville, USAGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hung C-C et al (2012) Entamoeba histolytica infection in men who have sex with men. Lancet Infect Dis 12:729–736CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marn H et al (2012) Amoebic abscess with negative serological markers for Entamoeba histolytica: mind the gap! Infection 40:87–91CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Salles JM et al (2003) Hepatic amebiasis. Braz J Infect Dis 7(2):96–110CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Onetto C et al (2013) Liver abscess due to Listeria monocytogenes. Cir Esp 91(4):264–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Barutta L et al (2013) Hepatic brucelloma. Lancet Infect Dis 13:987–993CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Uzunkoy A et al (2004) Diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis: experience from 11 cases and review of the literature. World J Gastroenterol 10(24):3647–3549PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    WHO Informal Working Group (2003) International classification of ultrasound images in cystic echinococcosis for application in clinical and field epidemiological setting. Acta Trop 85:253–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    WHO Informal Working Group (2003) PAIR: puncture, aspiration, injection, re-aspiration. An option for the treatment of cystic echinococcosis, vol. WHO/CDS/CSR/APH/2001.6.2003. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rinaldi F et al (2014) Cystic echinococcosis of the liver: a primer for hepatologists. World J Hepatol 6(5):293–305CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Giorgio A et al (2008) Long-term results of percutaneous treatment of hydatid liver cysts: a single center 17 years experience. Infection 36(3):256–261CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tappe D et al (2008) Curative resection of hepatic alveolar hydatids. Infection 36(6):607–608CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hepatobiliary Surgery UnitIRCCS San Raffaele HospitalMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations