Advanced Monitoring System on Debris Flow Hazards

  • Y-M. Huang
  • Y-M. Fang
  • T-Y. Chou
Part of the Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation book series (SSMI, volume 13)

Abstract

The debris flow had become a common natural hazard in Taiwan for past years. The Taiwan government had contributed a lot effort on debris flow hazard mitigation. The monitoring system of debris flow had played an important role in the debris flow disaster response. In this chapter, the debris flow monitoring system in Taiwan was well described, including the monitoring sensors and instruments, communication methods, data collection, and power system. Different types of monitoring stations were also introduced, including the advanced monitoring device, the portable unit. A case of debris flow in Shenmu, Taiwan, was addressed to explain the debris flow monitoring system and the results. With the advantages from the intelligent debris flow monitoring system, the debris flow disaster response has been enhanced in terms of efficiency. The advanced monitoring system has been a great benefit to the public regarding debris flow warning and hazard prevention.

Keywords

Transportation Gravel Neogene Geophone Water Moisture 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lee, B.J., et al.: Basin-Wide Monitoring Network for Debris Flow at Laonong and Qishan Rivers, Project Report. Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, 364 (2010) (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dai, F.C., Lee, C.F., Wang, S.J.: Analysis of rainstorm-induced slide-debris flows on natural terrain of Lantau Island, Hong Kong. Engineering Geology 51(4), 279–290 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ding, M.T., Wei, F.Q.: Distribution Characteristics of Debris Flows and Landslides in Three Rivers Parallel Area. Disaster Advances 4(3), 7–14 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jan, C.D., Lee, M.H., Huang, T.H.: Effect of Rainfall on Debris Flows in Taiwan. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Slope Engineering, Hong Kong, vol. 2, pp. 741–751 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Itakura, Y., Koga, Y., Takahama, J.I., Nowa, Y.: Acoustic detection sensor for debris flow. In: The First Int. Conf. on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, San Francisco, U.S.A., pp. 747–756 (1997)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu, G., Li, X.: Application For Underground Sound Sensor. In: Annual Cross-Channel Mountainous Disasters and Environmental Preservation Conference, pp. 161–169 (2000)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu, G., Li, X.: Application For Underground Sound Sensor. In: Annual Cross-Channel Mountainous Disasters and Environmental Preservation Conference, pp. 161–169 (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Huang, C., Ye, C., Yin, H., Wang, J.: Study of Debris Flow for Integration with a Geophone. Chinese Water and Landscape Conservation Journal 36(1), 39–53 (2005)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lahusen, R.G.: Detecting Debris Flows Using Ground Vibrations, USGS Fact Sheet, pp. 236–296 (1996)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jan, C.D., Lee, M.H.: A Debris-Flow Rainfall-Based Warning Model. Journal of Chinese Soil and Water Conservation, CSWCS 35(3), 275–285 (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee, M.H.: A Rainfall-Based Debris Flow Warning Analysis and Its Application, Ph.D. Thesis, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (2006) (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lee, B.J., et al.: The, On-site Data gathering and Monitoring Station Maintenance Program, Project Report. Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, 364 (2011) (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lee, B.J., et al.: The 2012 On-site Data gathering and Monitoring Station Maintenance Program, Project Report. Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, 476 (2012) (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fang, Y.M., et al.: Analysis of Debris Flow Underground Sound by Wavelet Transform-A Case Study of Events in Aiyuzih River. Journal of Chinese Soil and Water Conservation 39(1), 27–44 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y-M. Huang
    • 1
  • Y-M. Fang
    • 1
  • T-Y. Chou
    • 1
  1. 1.GIS Research CenterFeng Chia UniversityTaichungTaiwan

Personalised recommendations