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Labor Structure

  • Blair FixEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)

Abstract

This chapter tests the implicit neoclassical assumption that changes in labor structure are not important for growth. Building on insights offered by Giampietro et al., a simple biophysical model of structural change is advanced and tested. This model is able to accurately reproduce the majority of US labor structure change over the last two centuries. The insights provided by this model are then used to make the following predictions: increases in energy consumption should lead to a decrease in the agricultural share of employment and an increase in the service share of employment. These predictions are tested at the level of the global economy, the international level, and the national level. In all cases, empirical results support the above prediction, contradicting the neoclassical assumption that structural change is unimportant to growth. The implication of these results is that a future contraction of the world’s energy supply will likely render the current demographic “inversion” inoperative.

Keywords

Labor Productivity Service Sector Employment Share Labor Productivity Growth Productivity Growth Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) - SpringerBriefs 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental StudiesYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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