In small quantities, cocaine has been used for local anesthesia, predominantly used for nasal and lacrimal duct surgery. Until 1903, cocaine was widely available and promoted as a “brain tonic” and “Coca-Cola” in the form of the caffeinated beverage. Otherwise, cocaine in its hydrochloride and alkaloid forms is currently an illicit recreational drug used for stimulant effects and euphoria.
KeywordsMoyamoya Disease Periventricular Leukomalacia Orbital Cellulitis Spinal Cord Infarction Prenatal Cocaine Exposure
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