Transfer Entropy and Information Flow Patterns in Functional Brain Networks during Cognitive Activity
Most previous studies of functional brain networks have been conducted on undirected networks despite the direction of information flow able to provide additional information on how one brain region influences another. The current study explores the application of normalized transfer entropy to EEG data to detect and identify the patterns of information flow in the functional brain networks during cognitive activity. Using a mix of signal processing, information and graph-theoretic techniques, this study has identified and characterized the changing connectivity patterns of the directed functional brain networks during different cognitive tasks. The results demonstrate not only the value of transfer entropy in evaluating the directed functional brain networks but more importantly in determining the information flow patterns and thus providing more insights into the dynamics of the neuronal clusters underpinning cognitive function.
KeywordsTransfer entropy directed functional brain network EEG cognitive load graph theory
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