Advertisement

How do Military Family Policies Influence Parenting Resources Available to Families?

  • Yuko K. WhitestoneEmail author
  • Barbara A. Thompson
Chapter
Part of the Risk and Resilience in Military and Veteran Families book series (RRMV)

Abstract

This chapter discusses how the Department of Defense (DoD) and military policies and unique organizational factors shape available parenting support for military families, highlighting some of the DoD’s efforts to adopt evidence-based programs and resources to cope with unique parenting challenges associated with military lifestyle. Considering that the vast majority (75 %) of today’s Active Duty military families reside in civilian communities, it is also critical to provide military families with flexible and innovative community-based parenting support. To address these emerging needs of military families, the DoD is taking a community-based approach, called the Family Readiness System, to develop networks of support professionals and resources in civilian communities for military families.

Keywords

Family readiness Military family support programs Department of Defense Government policy Family readiness system Support for military parents 

References

  1. Andres, M., & Moelker, R. (2011). There and back again: How parental experiences affect children’s adjustments in the course of military deployments. Armed Forces & Society, 37(3), 418–447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research, Cornell University & Beach Center on Disability, University of Kansas (2013, September). Department of defense exceptional family member program benchmark study: Final project report. Retrieved from http://download.militaryonesource.mil/12038/MOS/ResourceGuides/EFMP-Benchmark.pdf
  3. Clever, M., & Segal, D. R. (2013). The demographics of military children and families. The Future of Children, 23(2), 13–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cozza, S. J., & Lerner, R. M. (2013). Military children and families: Introducing the issue. The Future of Children, 23(2), 3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cozza, S. J., Lerner, R. M., & Haskins, R. (2014). Military and veteran families and children: Policies and programs for health maintenance and positive development. Social Policy Report, 28(3), 1–27.Google Scholar
  6. Defense Manpower Data Center. (2010). SURVEY NOTE: Spouse/significant other support to stay as a predictor of actual retention behavior: A logistic regression analysis (Note No. 2010-008; March 17, 2010).Google Scholar
  7. Defense Manpower Data Center. (2012, February). Status of forces survey of Active Duty members. Retrieved from http://mldc.whs.mil/public/docs/report/qol/DMDC_Status-of-Forces-Survey-of-Active-Duty-Members_Feb2012.pdf
  8. Defense Manpower Data Center. (2015). Military family life project: Active duty spouse study, longitudinal analyses 2010–2012. Alexandria, VA: Defense Manpower Data Center.Google Scholar
  9. Department of Defense. (2012a, January). Sustaining U.S. global leadership: Priorities for the 21st century defense. Retrieved from http://archive.defense.gov/news/Defense_Strategic_Guidance.pdf
  10. Department of Defense. (2012b, July 3). Military family readiness. Retrieved from http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/134222p.pdf
  11. Gewirtz, A. H., Erbes, C. R., Polusny, M. A., Forgatch, M. S., & DeGarmo, D. S. (2011). Helping military families through the deployment process: Strategies to support parenting. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 4291, 56–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lester, P., & Flake, E. (2013). How wartime military service affects children and families. The Future of Children, 23(2), 121–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lester, P., Saltzman, W. R., Woodward, K., Glover, D., Leskin, G. A., Bursch, B., … Beardslee, W. (2012). Evaluation of a family-centered prevention intervention for military children and families facing wartime deployments. American Journal of Public Health, 102(Suppl 1), S48–S54.Google Scholar
  14. MacDermid Wadsworth, S. (2012). Military support for military families: Military policies and programs. In K. R. Blaisure, T. Saathoff-Wells, A. Pereira, S. M. Wadsworth, & A. L. Dombro (Eds.), Serving military families in the 21st century. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Masten, A. S. (2013). Afterword: What we can learn from military children and families. The Future of Children, 23(2), 199–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Saltzman, W. R., Lester, P., Beardslee, W. R., Layne, C. M., Woodward, K., & Nash, W. P. (2011). Mechanisms of risk and resilience in military families: Theoretical and empirical basis of a family-focused resilience enhancement program.Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(3), 213–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Saltzman, W. R., Pynoos, R. S., Lester, P., Layne, C. M., & Beardslee, W. R. (2013). Enhancing family resilience through family narrative co-construction. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 16(3), 294–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. The Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Military Community and Family Policy. (2014). The 2013 Demographics Report: Profile of the Military Community, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  19. Thomsen, C., Rabenhorst, M., McCarthy, R., Milner, J., Travis, W., Foster, R., & Copeland, C. (2014). Child maltreatment before and after combat-related deployment among active-duty United States Air Force maltreating parents. Psychology of Violence, 4(2), 143–155.Google Scholar
  20. United States Government Accountability Office. (2012, February, 3). Military child care: DoD is taking actions to address awareness and availability barriers: Report to Congressional Committees. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-12-21
  21. Wiens, T. W., & Boss, P. (2006). Maintaining family resiliency before, during, and after military separation. In C. A. Castro, A. B. Adler, & T. W. Britt (Eds.), Military life: The psychology of serving in peace and combat (Vol. 3, pp. 13–38). Westport, CT: Praeger Security International.Google Scholar
  22. Wong, L., & Gerras, S. (2010). The Effects of Multiple Deployments on Army Adolescents.Carlisle, PA: The Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College.Google Scholar
  23. Wright, K. M. R., Lyndon, A., Merrill, J. C., & Cabrera, O. A. (2013). Resilience in military families: A review of programs and empirical evidence. In R. R. Sinclair & T. Britt (Eds.), Building psychological resilience in military personnel: Theory and practice (pp. 167–191). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DefenseOffice of Family Readiness Policy, Office of Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Military Community and Family PolicyAlexandriaUSA

Personalised recommendations