The Voice and the Musculo-Skeletal System

  • Howard A. Bird


This chapter reviews basic aspects of singing, concentrating on the contribution made by the musculo-skeletal system which is often forgotten. It ends with an illustrative case study.


Vocal Cord Thoracic Spine Awkward Position Shoulder Height High Note 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard A. Bird
    • 1
  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations