Advertisement

Cultures of Informality and Networks of Power in Post-Soviet Non-democracies

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explores regional variation in the interplay between formal and informal institutions in post-Soviet non-democracies. It analyzes the relations between different forms of differentiation and shows how networks of clientelism can influence formal structures and become parasites of functional differentiation. Attention is given to differences between the presentation of state systems and the way in which societies are actually organized and functioning.

Keywords

Functional Differentiation Power Structure Formal Rule Authoritarian Regime Informal Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Crozier M, Friedberg E (1977) L’Acteur et le système. Seuil, ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. Galligan DJ (2003) Legal failure: law and social norms in post-communist Europe. In: Galligan DJ, Kurkchiyan M (eds) Law and informal practices: the post-communist experience. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gel’man V (2012) Subversive institutions and informal governance in contemporary Russia. In: Christiansen T, Neuhold C (eds) International handbook on informal governance. Edward Elgar, London, pp 135–153Google Scholar
  4. Gibson JL (2004) Russian attitudes towards the rule of law: an analysis of survey data. In: Galligan DJ, Kurkchiyan M (eds) Law and informal practices. The post-communist experience. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 77–92Google Scholar
  5. Gudkov L (2012) Sozialkapital und Werteorientierung Moderne, Prämoderne und Antimoderne in Russland. Osteuropa 62(6–8):55–83Google Scholar
  6. Helmke G, Levitsky S (2004) Informal institutions and comparative politics: a research agenda. Perspect Polit 2(4):725–740. Also published in Christiansen, T. and Neuhold, C. (2012) International Handbook on Informal Governance, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 85–116Google Scholar
  7. Holmes L (2008) Corruption and organised crime in Putin’s Russia. Eur Asia Stud 60(6):1011–1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Holmes L (2012) Crime and corruption. In: Gill G, Young J (eds) Routledge handbook of Russian politics and society. Routledge, London, pp 198–208Google Scholar
  9. Inglehart R (2012) Modernization and democracy. In: Inozemtsev V, Dutkiewicz P (eds) Democracy versus modernization. A dilemma for Russia and for the world. Routledge, London, pp 123–144Google Scholar
  10. Jonson L, Steven W (eds) (2012) Waiting for reform under Putin and Medvedev. Palgrave Macmillan, BasingstokeGoogle Scholar
  11. Kahn J (2010) The rule-of-law factor. In: Newton J, Tompson W (eds) Institutions, ideas and leadership in Russian politics. Basingstoke, Palgrave, pp 159–183Google Scholar
  12. Kaser K (2001) Freundschaft und Feindschaft auf dem Balkan. Wieser, WienGoogle Scholar
  13. Köllner P (2012) “Informelle Politik” und “informelle Institutionen”: Konzeptionelle Grundlagen, analytische Zugänge und Herausforderungen für das Studium autoritärer und anderer politischer Herrschaftssysteme. GIGA Working Papers No 192, pp 1–33. www.giga-hamburg.de/workingpapers. Accessed 30 Aug 2013
  14. Lauderdale P (2011) Political deviance. In: Bryant CD (ed) The Routledge handbook of deviant behavior. Routledge, London, pp 337–343Google Scholar
  15. Ledeneva AV (2013) Can Russia modernise? Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Levitsky S, Way LA (2010) Competitive authoritarianism. Hybrid regimes after the Cold War. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Luhmann N (1990) Essays on self-reference. Columbia University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  18. Luhmann N (2000a) Organisation und Entscheidung. Westdeutscher Verlag, OpladenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Luhmann N (2000b) Die Politik der Gesellschaft. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am MainGoogle Scholar
  20. Luhmann N (2012) Theory of society, vol 1. Stanford University Press, Stanford (English translation of Luhmann 1997, vol. 1)Google Scholar
  21. Meyer G (2006) Formal and informal politics: questions, concepts and subjects. In: Meyer G (ed) Formal institutions and informal politics in Central and Eastern Europe: Hungary, Poland, Russia and Ukraine. Barbara Budrich Publishers, Opladen, pp 9–145Google Scholar
  22. Misztal B (2000) Informality. Social theory and contemporary practice. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Morin E (2008) La méthode I et II. Seuil, ParisGoogle Scholar
  24. Nielsen RP (2003) Organization theory and ethics: varieties and dynamics of constrained optimization. In: Tsoukas H, Knudsen C (eds) The Oxford handbook of organization theory. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 476–501Google Scholar
  25. O’Donnell GA (2004) Why the rule of law matters. J Democr 15(4):32–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Olivier de Sardan J-P (2013) The informal practices of civil servants. In: Cheeseman N, Anderson D, Scheibler A (eds) Roudledge handbook of African politics. Routledge, London, pp 59–69Google Scholar
  27. Ortmann G (2003) Regel und Ausnahme. Paradoxien sozialer Ordnung. Suhrkamp, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  28. Ortmann G (2011) Kunst des Entscheidens. Velbrück Wissenschaft, WeilerswistGoogle Scholar
  29. Pain E (2012) Socio-cultural factors and Russian modernization. In: Jonson L, White S (eds) Waiting for reform under Putin and Medvedev. Basingstoke, Palgrave, pp 96–116Google Scholar
  30. Rasch W (2000) Niklas Luhmann’s modernity. The paradoxes of differentiation. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CAGoogle Scholar
  31. Rose R (2000a) Uses of social capital in Russia: modern, pre-modern, and anti-modern. Post Sov Aff 16:33–57Google Scholar
  32. Rose R (2000b) Getting things done in an antimodern society: social capital networks in Russia. In: Dasgupta P, Serageldin I (eds) Social capital. World Bank, Washington, DC, pp 147–169Google Scholar
  33. Scott JC (1998) Seeing like a state. Yale, New Haven, CTGoogle Scholar
  34. Scott JC (2012) Two cheers for anarchism. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
  35. Tacke V (2011) Soziale Netzwerkbildungen in Funktionssystemen der Gesellschaft. Vergleichende Perspektiven. In: Bommers M, Tacke V (eds) Netzwerke in der funktional differenzierten Gesellschaft. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, pp 89–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Van Assche K, Beunen R, Duineveld M (2014) Evolutionary governance theory. Springer, New York, NYCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. von Steinsdorff S (2005) Gute und schlechte Informalität? Informelle Politik in West und Ost. Osteuropa 55:5–16Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesUniversity of FribourgFribourgSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations