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Modeling Visibility in 3D Space: A Qualitative Frame of Reference

  • Paolo FogliaroniEmail author
  • Eliseo Clementini
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

This paper introduces and formalizes a frame of reference for projective relations in 3D space that can be used to model human visual perception. While in 2D space visibility information can be derived from the concept of collinearity (thus, as ternary relations), in 3D space it can be derived from coplanarity, which calls for quaternary relations. Yet, we can retain ternary relations by anchoring our frame to an ubiquitous reference element: a general sense of vertical direction that, on Earth, can be the expression of gravity force or, in other cases, of the asymmetries of an autonomous agent, either human or robotic, that is, its vertical axis. Based on these observations, the presented frame of reference can be used to model projective and visibility information as ternary relations. Granularity and complexity of the models can be adjusted: we present two differently detailed realizations and discuss possible applications in Geographic Information Systems.

Keywords

Direction Vector Reference Object Aggregation Rule Projective Relation Shadow Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Geodesy and GeoinformationVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Industrial and Information Engineering and EconomicsUniversity of L’AquilaL’AquilaItaly

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