IUCN/WCPA Protected Areas Program: Making Space for People and Biodiversity in the Anthropocene
Protected areas have emerged as a cultural feature and perhaps the largest land resource allocation decision in human history. Yet they are not without controversy on their adequacy for conservation and social justice. We argue that protected areas not only are necessary for conservation, they also contribute to human well-being and social justice in the Anthropocene. The World Parks Congresses have been a major forum for advancing global protected area policy and practice. Recently the IUCN-World Commission on Protected Areas and the IUCN-Global Protected Areas Program has been moving toward a vision parallel and complementary to the proposed Earth Stewardship initiative of the Ecological Society of America. This novel view of IUCN is also called “The Promise of Sydney” because it will be the focus of the 2014 World Parks Congress in Australia. ICUN’s novel view suggests that protected areas are an effective way to put Earth stewardship into action.
KeywordsCapacity building Climate change Governance Health Indigenous peoples Protected areas Marine issues World Parks Congress Youth
Many thanks to all the IUCN staff supporting the VI World Parks Congress and the Australian hosts particularly the Government of Australia through the National Parks Agency and the New South Wales Department of the Environment. Important contributions have been made by many members of WCPA and staff of the IUCN and other collaborating individuals and agencies. Special thanks to all stream and theme leaders at the World Parks Congress; WCPA leadership and to Tom Brooks. E. Enkerlin would like to make a special recognition to fruitful discussions with Brendan Mackey and Nelly Correa.
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