The Individual, the State and a Cosmopolitan Legal Order

  • Sinthiou Estelle BuszewskiEmail author


Recently, it became mainstream to consider individuals as subjects of international law. Generally, this assessment refers to human rights law and international criminal law containing individual rights and obligations deriving directly from international law. However, individuals are not considered as being on equal footing with states. Here, the term of “partial” subjects of international law comes into play even though the accuracy of the term is limited. This article will elaborate on the philosophical foundations of international law according to Immanuel Kant’s legal philosophy in order to discuss two interrelated phenomena of current global law: on one hand, the role of states and the changed relationship between states and individuals and, on the other hand, the claim for legal empowerment of the individual beyond state borders. The line of argumentation will support the development of a cosmopolitan global order that primarily aims at securing individual external freedom.


Security Council Legal Order Individual Freedom World State Definitive Article 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Humboldt University BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Walther-Schücking-InstitutKielGermany

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