Density-Dependent Flow

  • Marc WaltherEmail author
  • Leonard Stoeckl
  • Jens-Olaf Delfs
  • Thomas Graf
Part of the Terrestrial Environmental Sciences book series (TERENVSC)


Density-driven flow still remains to be a demanding challenge for both, the user and the numerical model.


Rayleigh Number Critical Rayleigh Number Diffusive Regime Convective Regime Fluid Parameter 
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  1. 1.
    O. Kolditz, U. J. Görke, H. Shao, and W. Wang, editors. Lecture Notes in Computationl Science and Engineering 86: Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes in Fractured Porous Media. Springer, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York, 1 edition, 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leonard Stoeckl and Georg Houben. Flow dynamics and age stratification of freshwater lenses: Experiments and modeling. Journal of Hydrology, 458–459:9–15, August 2012.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.A. Nield and A. Bejan. Convection in Porous Media. Springer, 1999.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Walther
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leonard Stoeckl
    • 3
  • Jens-Olaf Delfs
    • 2
  • Thomas Graf
    • 4
  1. 1.Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Geosciences GeohydromodellingChristian-Albrechts-Universtität zu KielKielGermany
  3. 3.Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)HannoverGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Environmental Physics in Civil EngineeringLeibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

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