Skip to main content

Abstract

At the turn of the twenty-first century, frequent and profound questions are being raised concerning the purposes and accomplishments of contemporary higher education and learning. We note a lively debate on the current issues and on the future of higher education in the public policy domain, within the higher education system, and among researchers specialized on higher education as their theme of inquiry. In order to synthesize the state of knowledge and to identify key issues that deserve more attention in future analysis, an international conference “Changing Conditions and Changing Approaches of Academic Work” was held on 4–6 June 2012 in Berlin. The conference brought together more than 200 experts from more than 40 countries—among them many who had been active in research on the academic profession. The coordinators of the conference came to the conclusion that a few themes were frequently touched upon by the various contributions to the conference that might deserve special attention. These eventually were reflected in the titles of two books comprising the major contributions, i.e. “Relevance of Academic Work in Comparative Perspective” (this book) and “Recruiting and Managing the Academic Profession”.

This book addresses relevance in higher education primarily from the point of view of academics. Many contributions of this books draw from surveys aimed at understanding how academics perceive societal expectations and how they define themselves and their tasks. Their views are highly interesting in this domain, because on the one hand societal expectations as regards higher education have become quite explicit and pressing in recent years and the academics, on the other hand, have enormous room for maneuvers in reflecting on the objectives and in shaping the priorities of their professional work.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Altbach, P. G. (1991). The academic profession. In P. G. Altbach (Ed.), International higher education: An encyclopaedia (pp. 23–45). New York: Garland Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • Altbach, P. G. (Ed.). (1996). The international academic profession: Portraits of fourteen countries. Princeton: Carnegie Foundation.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blömeke, S., Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, O., Kuhn, C., & Fege, J. (Eds.). (2013). Modeling and measuring competencies in higher education: Tasks and challenges. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boorstin, D. J. (1962). The Americans: The colonial experience. London: Penguin Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boyer, E. L. (1990). Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate. Princeton: Carnegie Foundation.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brennan, J. (2007). The academic profession and increasing expectations of relevance. In M. Kogan & U. Teichler (Eds.), Key challenges of the academic profession (Werkstattberichte) (Vol. 65, pp. 19–28). Kassel: International Centre for Higher Education Research Kassel.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bush, V. (1960). Science: The endless frontier. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation.

    Google Scholar 

  • Culum, B., Roncevic, N., & Ledic, J. (2013). Facing new expectations—Integrating third mission activities into the university. In B. M. Kehm & U. Teichler (Eds.), The academic profession in Europe: New tasks and new challenges (pp. 163–195). Dordrecht: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cummings, W. K. (2006). The third revolution of higher education: Becoming more relevant. In Research Institute of Higher Education (Ed.), Reports of changing academic profession project workshop on quality, relevance and governance in the changing academia: International perspective (pp. 209–222). Hiroshima: Hiroshima University, RIHE.

    Google Scholar 

  • Enders, J. (2006). The academic profession. In J. F. Forest & P. G. Altbach (Eds.), International handbook of higher education (pp. 1–21). Dordrecht: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Etzkowitz, H. (2001). The second academic revolution and the rise of entrepreneurial science. Technology and Society Magazine, 20(2), 18–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., & Scott, P. (1994). The new production of knowledge. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kehm, B. M., & Teichler, U. (2007). Research on internationalisation in higher education. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3–4), 260–273.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kogan, M., Bauer, M., Bleiklie, I., & Henkel, M. (Eds.). (2000). Transforming higher education: A comparative study. London/Philadelphia: J. Kingsley Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Macfarlane, B. (2005). Placing service in academic life. In R. Barnett (Ed.), Reshaping the university: New relations between research scholarship and teaching (pp. 165–177). Berkshire: Open University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Newman, J. H. (1992). The idea of the university. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nowotny, H., Scott, P., & Gibbons, M. (2001). Re–thinking science: Knowledge and the public in an age of uncertainty. Cambridge: Polity Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Papadopoulos, G. S. (1994). Education 1960–1990: The OECD perspective. Paris: OECD.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rüegg, W. (Ed.). (2000–2011). A history of the university in Europe. 4 Volumes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rüegg, W. (2011). Themes. In W. Rüegg (Ed.), A history of the University in Europe. Volume IV: Universities since 1945 (pp. 3–30). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott, P. (2006). The mission of the university: Medieval to postmodern transformations. Journal of Higher Education, 77(1), 1–39.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Teichler, U., & Höhle, E. A. (Eds.). (2013). The work situation of the academic profession: Findings of a survey in twelve European countries. Dordrecht: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Teichler, U., Arimoto, A., & Cummings, W. K. (2013). The changing academic profession: Major findings of a comparative survey. Dordrecht: Springer.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Trow, M. (1974). Problems in the transition from elite to mass higher education. In OECD (Ed.), Policies for higher education (pp. 51–101). Paris: OECD.

    Google Scholar 

  • Trow, M. (1976). Elite higher education: An endangered species? Minerva, 14(3), 355–376.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vukasovic, M. (2007). Deconstructing and reconstructing employability. In E. Froment, J. Kohler, L. Purser, & L. Wilson (Eds.), EUA Bologna handbook (part 1.4–2). Berlin: Raabe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weinert, F. E. (2001). Concept of competence: A conceptual clarification. In D. S. Rychen & L. H. Salgnik (Eds.), Defining and selecting key competencies (pp. 45–66). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Yorke, M. (2007). Employability in higher education. In E. Froment, J. Kohler, L. Purser, & L. Wilson (Eds.), EUA Bologna handbook (part 1.4–1). Berlin: Raabe.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to William K. Cummings .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Cummings, W.K., Teichler, U. (2015). The Relevance of the Academy. In: Cummings, W., Teichler, U. (eds) The Relevance of Academic Work in Comparative Perspective. The Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective, vol 13. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-11767-6_1

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics