South Africa

  • Ian Gillespie Cook
  • Jamie P. HalsallEmail author
  • Paresh Wankhade
Part of the International Perspectives on Social Policy, Administration, and Practice book series (IPSPAP)


Arguably, South Africa was, until relatively recently, home to the most unsociable society on earth, dominated by a racist apartheid system that actively discriminated against non-White people and used corruption and extreme violence to suppress Black people in particular. But even then, when apartheid was at its height, sociability could still be found, but usually within ethnic confines limited by colour . However, following his release from prison in the early 1990s, the late Nelson Mandela proved to be an exemplary figure who was able to forgive across racial boundaries and became on a par with the likes of Mahatma Gandhi in his inspiration and example to others. This is particularly appropriate given that Gandhi was radicalised during his own sojourn in South Africa in the early twentieth century, and he sought to uphold the rights of the non-White races at that time.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Social Capital Community Development Acquire Immunodeficiency Syndrome Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevalence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Gillespie Cook
    • 1
  • Jamie P. Halsall
    • 2
    Email author
  • Paresh Wankhade
    • 3
  1. 1.Liverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.University of HuddersfieldHuddersfieldUnited Kingdom
  3. 3.Edge Hill UniversityOrmskirkUnited Kingdom

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