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Part of the book series: IFMBE Proceedings ((IFMBE,volume 45))


Diagnosis of depression is still based mainly on evaluation of the intensity of subjective symptoms by psychiatrists. This study is aimed to give additional objective information about major depressive disorder analyzing the electroencephaolographic (EEG) signal using the method of Lempel Ziv Complexity (LZC). LZC measures the algorithmic complexity by counting the number of distinct segments in a signal. EEG recordings were carried out on the groups of depressive and healthy subjects of 17 female volunteers each. The LZC was calculated on resting EEG signals recorded in eyes closed condition from 18 channels at a length of 5 minutes. The results revealed increased complexity in depression compared to controls in all channels. The highest statistically significant difference appeared in channel F4-Cz (p=0.0098). Our results demonstrate that the analysis of single channel EEG signal can provide statistically significant difference in algorithmic complexity, the LZC value, between control and depressive group.

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© 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

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Bachmann, M., Kalev, K., Suhhova, A., Lass, J., Hinrikus, H. (2015). Lempel Ziv Complexity of EEG in Depression. In: Lacković, I., Vasic, D. (eds) 6th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering. IFMBE Proceedings, vol 45. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-11127-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-11128-5

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