A Complex Framework: Expanding the Understanding of the Human Being and Organizations to Integrate Sustainability in Education and Promote Transformative Learning

  • Lisiane Celia PalmaEmail author
  • Eugênio Ávila Pedrozo
Part of the World Sustainability Series book series (WSUSE)


Sustainability is a multidimensional issue and consequently, it requires multiple alternatives to be viewed through a complex lens. Thus, this paper presents a complex conceptual framework that relates levels of individual and organizational learning to different understandings that people have of sustainability and different ways of understanding the human being and organizations. The results of this study may help educational institutions, coordinators and professors to integrate sustainability in education and to promote transformative learning, presenting some key elements to this end. This study also presents ways to relate different approaches in order to deal with the complexity and opens space for the emergence of new solutions that are required to deal with issues related to sustainability. It brings questions related to the role of individuals and their relationships with others and with nature, and the role of educational institutions in society.


Sustainability Complexity Learning 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisiane Celia Palma
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Eugênio Ávila Pedrozo
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS)CanoasBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrazil

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