From Drivers to Athletes: Modeling and Simulating Cross-Country Skiing Marathons
Traffic flow of athletes in classic-style cross-country ski marathons, with the Swedish Vasaloppet as prominent example, represents a non-vehicular system of driven particles with many properties of vehicular traffic flow such as unidirectional movement, the existence of lanes, and, moreover, severe traffic jams. We propose a microscopic acceleration and track-changing model taking into account different fitness levels, gradients, and interactions between the athletes in all traffic situations. The model is calibrated on microscopic data of the Vasaloppet 2012. Using the multi-model open-source simulator MovSim.org, we simulate all 15,000 participants of the Vasaloppet during the first 10 km.
- 1.P. Ahmadi, Analysis of traffic patterns for large scale outdoor events a case study of vasaloppet ski event in sweden, Thesis, Royal Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
- 2.M. Treiber, Crowd flow modeling of athletes in mass sports events – a macroscopic approach, in Traffic and Granular Flow ’13 ed. by M. Chraibi, M. Boltes, A. Schadschneider, A. Seyfried (Springer, Traffic Flow Dynamics: Data, Models and Simulation, 2014)Google Scholar
- 3.M. Treiber, A. Kesting, Traffic Flow Dynamics: Data, Models and Simulation (Springer, Berlin, 2013)Google Scholar
- 4.A. Kesting, R. Germ, M. Budden, M. Treiber, MovSim – multi-model open-source vehicular simulator. www.movsim.org