Elements of Difficulty Level in Mathematics

  • Taku JiromaruEmail author
  • Tetsuo Kosaka
  • Tokuro Matsuo
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 569)


It is important for each leader to know relationship of the reason why each learner mistakes the problem of Mathematics. But, it does not exist about previous research. Therefore, in this research, we collected answers of each learner for knowing element of difficulty level in Mathematics. And we identified 10 types. 10 types are “lack of understand(problem statement, Number & Symbol, Formula, Concept)”, “circumstances of learner (inside)”, “circumstances of learner (outside)”, “Miscalculation”, “Copy miss”, “Lack of logical thinking (Deduction)” and “Lack of logical thinking (Induction)”.


Incorrect reason arithmetic mathematics classification difficulty 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringYamagata UniversityYamagataJapan
  2. 2.Advanced Institute of Industrial TechnologyTokyoJapan

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