Systems Life Cycle and Its Relation with the Triple Helix

  • Robert K. AbercrombieEmail author
  • Andrew S. Loebl


This chapter examines the life cycle of complex systems in light of the dynamic interconnections among the university, industry, and government sectors. Each sector is motivated in its resource allocation by principles discussed elsewhere in this book and yet remains complementary establishing enduring and fundamental relationships. Industry and government depend upon an educated workforce; universities depend upon industry to spark the R&D which is needed and to sponsor some basic research and much applied research. Government depends upon industry to address operational needs and provide finished products while universities offer government (along with industry) problem solving and problem solving environments. The life cycle of complex systems in this chapter will be examined in this context, providing historical examples. Current examples will then be examined within this multidimensional context with respect to the phases of program and project life cycle management from requirements definition through retirement and closeout of systems. During the explanation of these examples, the advances in research techniques to collect, analyze, and process the data will be examined.


Cloud Computing Assistive Technology Business Intelligence Internet Engineer Task Force World Intellectual Property Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The views expressed in this chapter are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of our sponsoring institutions and/or sponsors, the Department of Energy or the U.S. Government. This manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government (USG) under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. Accordingly, the USG retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for USG purposes.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computational Sciences & Engineering DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.ScalarWave, LLCKnoxvilleUSA

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