Reconstruction Process and Social Issues After the 1746 Earthquake and Tsunami in Peru: Past and Present Challenges After Tsunami Events

Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 44)


Tsunamis, oceanic wave events that are most often triggered by earthquakes at interplate subduction areas, result in damaged infrastructure, ecological disruption and a substantial number of deaths among coastal communities. In recent years, a key concept in the assessment of tsunami events has been resilience, which can be understood as the ability of a group to anticipate risk, limit negative impacts and recover rapidly from a catastrophic event through processes of survival, adaptability, evolution and growth. The term resilience incorporates a dynamic and durable connotation of constant preparedness, not only for the next tsunami event but also for the ensuing process of reconstruction. The reconstruction of a community devastated by a tsunami poses a multiplicity of challenges, including environmental, social, political, scientific, engineering and architectural challenges. In this paper, we first examine a 1746 tsunami event (Mw9.0) that occurred on the coast of Viceroyalty-era Peru and consider the challenges reported during the subsequent reconstruction of a devastated city and port. We contrast those challenges, reported nearly 250 years ago, with analogous challenges observed in more recent tsunami events. The paper concludes with comments on the lessons learned and suggests areas of future research.


Reconstruction Tsunami Peru 



This study was carried out under the framework of the SATREPS project “Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru,” sponsored by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). Our appreciation goes to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT); Tohoku University; and the International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS) for their support.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS)Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (UNI), Disaster Risk Reduction Peru International SACLimaPeru

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