Advertisement

Engineering Peer-to-Peer Learning Processes for Generating High Quality Learning Materials

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8658)

Abstract

Organizations are facing the challenge of transferring knowledge from experienced to novice employees and are seeking for solutions that avoid the loss of knowledge with retiring experts. A possible way for overcoming this challenge is having employees develop learning materials for their novice colleagues. Based on insights from both, education and collaboration research, designing structured collaborative peer-creation-processes seems a promising approach due to several reasons. Within a peer-creation-process participants are guided to knowledge acquisition, transfer as well as documentation for others. By developing learning materials through collaboration with people at different level of knowledge, e.g., the tacit knowledge of the expert gets codified and is ready for being used by novices. Furthermore, the collaborative creation will create learning effects even among participants and should further increase their knowledge, and the quality of the learning materials. Unfortunately, little research has addressed reusable didactically driven processes of systematically documenting knowledge that can be used by others as learning material. In order to bridge this gap we identify requirements from educational and collaboration literature and conceptualize educationally driven changes in the layer model of collaboration, e.g., to consider learning objectives in the goals layer or to integrate peer review as mechanisms for quality control in the procedures layer. This paper opens up a promising field for collaboration research and provides future research directions for reusable structured peer-creation-processes with focus on learning. This research-in-progress paper closes with a conceptual framework with requirements of a collaborative peer creation process.

Keywords

Layer Model Collaboration Engineering Peer Creation Peer Learning Knowledge 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Fuchs-Kittowski, F.: Interaktionsorientiertes Wissensmanagement. In: Krcmar, H. (ed.) Interaktionsorientiertes Wissensmanagement. Peter Lang GmbH, Frankfurt am Main (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ries, B.C., Diestel, S., Shemla, M., Christina, L.S., Jungmann, F., Wegge, J., Schmidt, K.-H.: Age Diversity and Team Effectiveness. In: Schlick, C.M., Frieling, E., Wegge, J. (eds.) Age-Differentiated Work Systems, Springer, Heidelberg (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bittner, E.A.C., Leimeister, J.M.: Creating Shared Understanding in Heterogeneous Work Groups: Why It Matters and How to Achieve It. JMIS 31, 111–144 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Estrada, V., Freeman, A.: NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition. The New York Media Consortium, Austin (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gregor, S., Hevner, A.R.: Positioning and Presenting Design Science Research for Maximum Impact. MIS Quarterly 37, 337–355 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gagne, R.M.: Learning Outcomes and Their Effects. American Psychologist 39, 377–385 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wegener, R., Leimeister, J.M.: Peer Creation of E-Learning Materials to EnhanceLearning Success and Satisfaction in an Information Systems Course. In: 20th ECIS, Barcelona (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dillenbourg, P.: What do you mean by collaborative learning. In: Dillenbourg, P. (ed.) Collaborative Learning, pp. 1–19. Elsevier, Oxford (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Arbaugh, J.B.: Online and Blended Business Education for the 21st Century: Current research and future directions. Woodhead Publishing (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Damon, W.: Peer education. Jn. of Applied Developmental Psychology, 331–343 (1984)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Topping, K.J.: Trends in Peer Learning. Educational Psychology 25, 631–645 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Geer, J., McCalla, G., Collins, J., Kumar, V., Meagher, P., Vassileva, J.: Supporting Peer Help and Collaboration in Distributed Workplace Environments. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education 9, 159–177 (1998)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hua Liu, C., Matthews, R.: Vygotsky’s philosophy: Constructivism and its critisms examined. International Education Journal 6, 386–399 (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Harris, A.: Effective Teaching. School Leadership & Management 18, 169–183 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Auvinen, A.-M.: The challenge of quality in peer-produced eLearning content. eLearning Papers 17, 1–11 (2009)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kollar, I., Fischer, F., Hesse, F.W.: Collaboration Scripts - A Conceptual Analysis. Educational Psychology Review 18, 159–185 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Büttner, G., Warwas, J., Adl-Amini, K.: Kooperatives Lernen und Peer Tutoring im inklusiven Unterricht. Zeitschrift für Inklusion 1-2 (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kolfschoten, G.L., Vreede, G.-J.: A Design Approach for Collaboration Processes: A Multimethod Design Science Study in Collaboration Engineering. JMIS 26, 225–256 (2009)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Leimeister, J.M. (ed.): Collaboration Engineering - IT-gestützte Zusammenarbeitsprozesse systematisch entwickeln und durchführen. Springer Gabler, Heidelberg (2014)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Briggs, R.O., Kolfschoten, G.L., Vreede, G.-J., Albrecht, C., Dean, D.R., Lukosch, S.: A Seven-Layer Model of Collaboration. In: 30th ICIS. Phoenix, Arizona (2009)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Briggs, R.O., Kolfschoten, G.L., de Vreede, G.-J., Albrecht, C., Lukosch, S., Dean, D.L.: A Six-Layer Model of Collaboration. In: Nunamaker Jr., J.F., Romano Jr., N.C., Briggs, R.O. (eds.) Collaboration Systems, pp. 221–228. Advances in Management Information Systems, New York (2014)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Krathwohl, D.R.: A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy: An Ovierview. Theory Into Practice 41, 212–218 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Leacock, T.L., Nesbit, J.C.: A Framework for Evaluating the Quality of Multimedia Learning Resources. Educational Technology & Society 10, 44–59 (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Information SystemsUniversität KasselKasselGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Information ManagementUniversity of St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations