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Charting the Development of Oil-Based Enamel Paints Through the Correlation of Historical Paint Technology Manuals with Scientific Analysis

  • Maria Kokkori
  • Francesca Casadio
  • Ken Sutherland
  • Marc Vermeulen
Chapter

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of developments in oil-based enamel paint technology in the first half of the twentieth century and discusses the selection of ingredients that had a significant impact on the properties of the paints: pigments, extenders, driers, oils and resins. A review of period literature published in French and English is complemented by analysis of historical oil-based Ripolin enamel paint samples produced in France in the years 1910–1950 and a small selection of artists’ paint tubes of the same era from the Art Institute of Chicago’s reference collection. A range of analytical techniques including x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation (THM-Py-GCMS), scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) and thermogravimetric analysis have been used for the characterisation of the paint samples.

Keywords

Oil-based enamel paints Paint technology Ripolin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Frank Zuccari, Jaap Boon, Inge Fiedler, Kim Muir, and the staff of the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago. SEM-EDX work was performed at the Electron Probe Instrumentation Center (EPIC) facility of the Northwestern University Atomic and Nanoscale Characterization Experimental Center (NUANCE). NUANCE Center is supported by the NSF funded Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSF-NSEC), and Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (NSF-MRSEC), Keck Foundation, the State of Illinois, and Northwestern University. The financial support of the Stockman Family Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and Grainger Foundation is also gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Kokkori
    • 1
  • Francesca Casadio
    • 1
  • Ken Sutherland
    • 1
  • Marc Vermeulen
    • 2
  1. 1.The Art Institute of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.IRPA-KIK Royal Institute for Cultural HeritageBrusselsBelgium

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