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Art and Artistic Research in Quadruple and Quintuple Helix Innovation Systems

Chapter
Part of the Arts, Research, Innovation and Society book series (ARIS)

Abstract

The traditional understanding of arts emphasizes the aesthetic dimension of arts. Art and arts can also be understood (and re-invented) as a manifestation of knowledge, knowledge production and knowledge creation. Furthermore, knowledge production and knowledge creation extend to knowledge application and knowledge use. The here presented approach to arts introduces knowledge as an additional dimension for defining and understanding arts. This additional dimension does not replace, but extends the aesthetic dimension of arts, by this making the arts clearly multi-dimensional. Through knowledge creation, knowledge production, knowledge application, and knowledge use, research in the arts and arts-based innovation are being interconnected with research in the sciences and sciences-based innovation. Arts and artistic research add to the interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary spectrum of research organizations and of research networks, and can assist the sciences in building interdisciplinary arrangements. Arts and artistic research are now being regarded as drivers for forming and pluralizing interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary configurations and networks with research in the sciences and the application and use of knowledge and innovation in context of society, democracy, but also the economy.

The concepts of the Quadruple Helix and Quintuple Helix innovation systems are explicitly sensitive for the roles of arts and of artistic research for innovation. Within context of that line of thinking, arts, artistic research and arts-based innovation are essential for the further evolution and progress of innovation systems. Universities of the arts and other higher education institutions of the arts represent crucial organizations for innovation systems (national and multi-level innovation systems). Innovation may not be narrowed down to economic concerns and economic activities. Innovation is more than only economics. “Arts, research, innovation, and society” (ARIS) contribute to creating the basis for new models of economic growth, where “growth in quality” challenges the traditional focus on “quantitative growth” of selected economic benchmarks. “Arts, research, innovation, and society” (ARIS) furthermore interrelates and cross-links with Quality of Democracy. ARIS indicates opportunities for a creative design or creative-design-processes in the further co-evolution of knowledge economy, knowledge society and knowledge democracy.

Keywords

AAA (art and artistic research) AAA (arts, artistic research and arts-based innovation) ARIS (arts, research, innovation, and society) Art in the arts Artistic research Arts-based innovation Arts-based research Society-nature interactions Socio-ecological transition Multi-level innovation systems Innovation ecosystem Twenty-first century Fractal Research and Education and Innovation Ecosystem (FREIE) Networks and network governance Public-private partnerships for research and technological development (PPP RTD) Democracy of knowledge Republic of science Co-evolution Linear and non-linear innovation Cross-employment and multi-employment 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information Systems and Technology Management, School of BusinessThe George Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.Unit for Quality Enhancement (UQE)University of Applied Arts ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Faculty for Interdisciplinary Studies (IFF), Institute of Science Communication and Higher Education Research (WIHO)Alpen-Adria-University KlagenfurtViennaAustria

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