Edmund Husserl’s Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transcendentale Phänomenologie
This paper is Jan Patočka’s review of the first version of Husserl’s Krisis, as published in the journal Philosophia I (Belgradi 1936), the organ of The International Society for Philosophy (Internationale Gesellschaft für Philosophie), established in 1935 by the former president of Germany’s Kant Society, Arthur Liebert. Liebert emigrated from Berlin to escape the political oppression of the Nazi regime, and became professor at the University in Beograd. The text in Philosophia I is the transcript of Husserl’s presentation in Prague; he had been invited by the Philosophic Circle of Prague, a union of Czech and German philosophers living in Czechoslovakia. (To keep the balance between Czechs and Germans, the official language of the Circle was French, as well as its title, Cercle philosophique de Prague pour les recherches sur l’entendement humain). The transcript in Philosophia was the only publication of Husserl’s work entitled Krisis during his life. At the beginning of this volume of Philosophia there is a declaration by J.B. Kozák and E. Utitz, the Czech and German presidents of the Prague Circle, stating that the essays that follow (including Patočka’s Der Geist und die zwei Grundschichten der Intentionalität (Spirit and the two basic layers of intentionality)) are “the first contributions to the research of the essence of spirit” to bear witness to the existence and activity of the philosophic society established recently in Prague for the same reason as Liebert’s society in Beograd.