Empirical Legitimacy as Two Connected Psychological States
In this chapter we consider the idea that legitimacy judgments involve two connected beliefs. The first relates to consent and authorization: do people believe that an authority has the right to dictate appropriate behavior? The second relates to moral validity: do people believe that an authority exercises its power in ways that accord with prevailing norms of appropriate conduct? Marshalling data from Round 5 of the European Social Survey, we first assess the scaling properties of measures of police legitimacy using data from the UK. We then examine the utility of three different ways of representing legitimacy within in a larger model of public cooperation with the police.
KeywordsPolice Officer Procedural Justice Procedural Fairness Legal Authority Criminal Court
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