With Us or Against Us: Simulated Social Touch by Virtual Agents in a Cooperative or Competitive Setting

  • Gijs Huisman
  • Jan Kolkmeier
  • Dirk Heylen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8637)


In this paper we examine how simulated social touch by a virtual agent in a cooperative or competitive augmented reality game influences the perceived trustworthiness, warmth and politeness of the agent. Before and after the game, participants interact with two agents whereby one agent touches the participant’s arm. Results showed no significant difference in how agents are perceived in the cooperative and competitive situation. However, significant differences between perception of the touching and non-touching agents could be observed for warmth.


Simulated social touch virtual agent Augmented reality 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gijs Huisman
    • 1
  • Jan Kolkmeier
    • 1
  • Dirk Heylen
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Media Interaction GroupUniversity of TwenteThe Netherlands

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