Advertisement

Very Massive Stars in the Local Universe

  • Jorick S. VinkEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 412)

Abstract

Recent studies have claimed the existence of very massive stars (VMS) up to 300 \(M_{\odot }\) in the local Universe. As this finding may represent a paradigm shift for the canonical stellar upper-mass limit of 150 \(M_{\odot }\), it is timely to evaluate the physics specific to VMS, which is currently missing. For this reason, we decided to construct a book entailing both a discussion of the accuracy of VMS masses (Martins), as well as the physics of VMS formation (Krumholz), mass loss (Vink), instabilities (Owocki), evolution (Hirschi), and fate (theory – Woosley and Heger; observations – Smith).

Keywords

Massive Star Initial Mass Function Large Magellanic Cloud Local Universe Sanity Check 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abel, T., Bryan, G. L., & Norman, M. L. (2002). Science, 295, 93.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Barkana, R., & Loeb, A. (2001). Physics Reports, 349, 125.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Barkat, Z., Rakavy, G., & Sack, N. (1967). Physical Review Letters, 18, 379.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Belkus, H., Van Bever, J., & Vanbeveren, D. (2007). Astrophysical Journal, 659, 1576.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Bestenlehner, J. M., Vink, J. S., Gräfener, G., et al. (2011). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 530, L14.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Bond, J. R., Arnett, W. D., & Carr, B. J. (1984). Astrophysical Journal, 280, 825.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Bonnell, I. A., Bate, M. R., & Zinnecker, H. (1998). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 298, 93.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Bromm, V., Coppi, P. S., & Larson, R. B. (1999). Astrophysical Journal Letters, 527, L5.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Cassinelli, J. P., Mathis, J. S., & Savage, B. D. (1981). Science, 212, 1497.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Chatzopoulos, E., & Wheeler, J. C. (2012). Astrophysical Journal, 760, 154.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Ciardi, B., & Ferrara, A. (2005). Space Science Reviews, 116, 625.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Conti, P. S. (1976). Memoires of the Societe Royale des Sciences de Liege, 9, 193.ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Cooke, J., Sullivan, M., Gal-Yam, A., et al. (2012). Nature, 491, 228.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Crowther, P. A., Schnurr, O., Hirschi, R., et al. (2010). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 408, 731.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Cucchiara, A., Cenko, S. B., Bloom, J. S., et al. (2011). Astrophysical Journal, 743, 154.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. de Mink, S. E., Sana, H., Langer, N., Izzard, R. G., & Schneider, F. (2014). Astrophysical Journal, 782, 7.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Dessart, L., Waldman, R., Livne, E., Hillier, D. J., & Blondin, S. (2013). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 428, 3227.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Fan, X., Carilli, C. L., & Keating, B. (2006). Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 44, 415.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Figer, D. F. (2005). Nature, 434, 192.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Fowler, W. A., & Hoyle, F. (1964). Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 9, 201.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Gal-Yam, A., Leonard, D. C., Fox, D. B., et al. (2007). Astrophysical Journal, 656, 372.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Gal-Yam, A., Mazzali, P., Ofek, E. O., et al. (2009). Nature, 462, 624.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Georgy, C., Ekström, S., Meynet, G., et al. (2012). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 542, A29.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Glebbeek, E., Gaburov, E., de Mink, S. E., et al. (2009). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 497, 255.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Gräfener, G., & Hamann, W.-R. (2008). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 482, 945.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. Gräfener, G., Owocki, S. P., & Vink, J.S. (2012). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 538, 40.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Gürkan, M. A., Freitag, M., & Rasio, F. A. (2004). Astrophysical Journal, 604, 632.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. Haehnelt, M. G., Madau, P., Kudritzki, R., & Haardt, F. (2001). Astrophysical Journal, 549L, 151.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Hamann, W.-R., Gräfener, G., & Liermann, A. (2006). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 457, 1015.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Inserra, C., Smartt, S. J., Jerkstrand, A., et al. (2013). Astrophysical Journal, 770, 128.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. Ishii, M., Ueno, M., & Kato, M. (1999). Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 51, 417.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Kasen, D., & Bildsten, L. (2010). Astrophysical Journal, 717, 245.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Koen, C. (2006). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 365, 590.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. Kotak, R., & Vink, J. S. (2006). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 460, L5.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. Kozyreva, A., Blinnikov, S., Langer, N., & Yoon, S.-C. (2014). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 565, 70.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. Krticka, J., & Kubat, J. (2006). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 446, 1039.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Krumholz, M. R., Klein, R. I., McKee, C. F., et al. (2009). Science, 323, 754.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Kudritzki, R.-P. (2002). Astrophysical Journal, 577, 389.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. Kuiper, R., Klahr, H., Beuther, H., & Henning, T. (2010). Astrophysical Journal, 722, 1556.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. Langer, N. (2012). Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 50, 107.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. Langer, N., Norman, C. A., de Koter, A., et al. (2007). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 475, L19.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Maeder, A. (2009). Astronomy and astrophysics library. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  43. Malhotra, S., & Rhoads, J. E. (2002). Astrophysical Journal, 565L, 71.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Massey, P. (2011). American Shetland Pony Club, 440, 29.Google Scholar
  45. Mauerhan, J. C., Smith, N., Filippenko, A., et al. (2013). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 430, 1801.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. Moriya, T., Tominaga, N., Tanaka, M., Maeda, K., & Nomoto, K. (2010). Astrophysical Journal, 717, 83.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Muijres, L., Vink, J. S., de Koter, A., Hirschi, R., Langer, N., & Yoon, S.-C. (2012). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 546, 42.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. Nicholl, M., Smartt, S. J., Jerkstrand, A., et al. (2013). Nature, 502, 346.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. Oey, M. S., & Clarke, C. J. (2005). Astrophysical Journal, 620, 43.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. Ohkubo, T., Nomoto, K., Umeda, H., Yoshida, N., & Tsuruta, S. (2009). Astrophysical Journal, 706, 1184.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. Omukai, K., & Palla, F. (2003). Astrophysical Journal, 589, 677.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. Ouchi, M., Shimasaku, K., Akiyama, M., et al. (2008). Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 176, 301O.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Pan, T., Loeb, A., & Kasen, D. (2012). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 423, 2203.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. Pauldrach, A. W. A., Vanbeveren, D., & Hoffmann, T. L. (2012). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 538, 75.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. Petrovic, J., Pols, O., & Langer, N. (2006). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 450, 219.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  56. Portegies Zwart, S. F., Makino, J., McMillan, S. L. W., & Hut, P. (1999). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 348, 117.ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. Quimby, R. M., Kulkarni, S. R., Kasliwal, M. M., et al. (2011). Nature, 474, 487.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  58. Schaerer, D. (2003). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 397, 527.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  59. Schneider, F. R. N., Izzard, R. G., de Mink, S. E., et al. (2014). Astrophysical Journal, 780, 117.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  60. Schnurr, O., Moffat, A. F. J., St-Louis, N., et al. (2008). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389, 806.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. Shaviv, N. J. (1998). Astrophysical Journal, 494, 193.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. Smartt, S. J., Eldridge, J. J., Crockett, R. M., & Maund, J. R. (2009). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 395, 1409.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  63. Stark, D. P., Ellis, R. S., Richard, J., Kneib, J.-P., Smith, G. P., Santos, M. R. (2007). Astrophysical Journal, 663, 10.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. Tanvir, N. R., Fox, D. B., Levan, A. J., et al. (2009). Nature, 461, 1254.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Vink, J. S., & de Koter, A. (2005). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 442 587.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Vink, J. S., & Gräfener, G. (2012). Astrophysical Journal, 751, 34.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  67. Vink, J. S., Heger, A., Krumholz, M. R., Puls, J., et al. (2013). History in Africa. arXiv1302.2021Google Scholar
  68. Weidner, C., & Kroupa, P. (2004). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 348, 187.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  69. Whalen, D. J., Even, W., & Frey, L. H. (2013). Astrophysical Journal, 777, 110.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  70. Wolfire, M. G., & Cassinelli, J. P. (1987). Astrophysical Journal, 319, 850.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  71. Woosley, S. E., Heger, A., & Weaver, T. A. (2002). Reviews of Modern Physics, 74, 1015.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  72. Woosley, S. E., Blinnikov, S., & Heger, A. (2007). Nature, 450, 390.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  73. Yoon, S.-C., Gräfener, G., Vink, J. S., Kozyreva, A., & Izzard, R. G. (2012). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 544, L11.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  74. Yorke, H. W., & Kruegel, E. (1977). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 54, 183.ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. Yoshida, N., Bromm, V., Hernquist, L. (2004). Astrophysical Journal, 605, 579.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  76. Yungelson, L. R., van den Heuvel, E. P. J., Vink, J. S., et al. (2008). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 477, 223.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  77. Yusof, N., Hirschi, R., Meynet, G., et al. (2013). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 433, 1114.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Armagh ObservatoryArmaghIreland

Personalised recommendations