Skip to main content

Long-Term Disaster-Prevention Strategies Based on Education

Abstract

Although human behavior is the crucial factor in the degree of vulnerability and the likelihood of disasters taking place, preparedness and prevention programs are not mandatory in all countries around the world. Within the framework of UPStrat-MAFA (Urban disaster Prevention Strategies using MAcroseismic FAults), we have defined the disaster prevention strategies based on education management information and actions taken in Iceland, Portugal, Spain, and Italy. A detailed comparative study shows that compulsory school in these four participating countries is greatly unprepared with regard to hazard education, and these results are in line with worldwide studies. Moreover, when hazards are addressed, this is not done at an early age, which results in a missed chance to intervene in the noncognitive side of awareness, which decreases at later ages. To comply with the urge to take actions towards training and education at an early age, we used hands-on tools and learn-by-playing approaches in an informal learning environment. To reach the older population, the audio-visual media appears to be the best and lowest cost alternative to promote risk perception, awareness and education.

Keywords

  • Disaster prevention
  • Education
  • Seismic hazard
  • Information strategies

“UPStrat-MAFA Outreach Working Group”: S. Thorvaldsdóttir, A. Carvalho, M.L. Sousa, S. Raposo, R. Nave, F. Sansivero, C.S. Oliveira, J.C. Nunes, R. Sigbjörnsson, and G. Zonno.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-09303-1_14
  • Chapter length: 4 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-09303-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 14.1
Fig. 14.2

References

  • Bernhardsdóttir AE, Thorvaldsdóttir S, Sigbjörnsson R, Musacchio G, Nave R, Falsaperla S, D’Adda S, Sansivero F, Zonno G, Sousa ML, Carvalho A, Raposo S, Ferreira MA, Nunes JC, Jimenez MJ (2012) Disaster prevention strategies based on an education information system. Paper presented at the 15th WCEE, Lisbon, 24–28 Sept 2012

    Google Scholar 

  • Biernacki W, Bokwa A, Domanski B, Działek J, Janas K., Padło T (2008) Mass media as a source of information about extreme natural phenomena in southern Poland. In: Carvalho A (ed) Communicating climate change: discourses, mediations and perceptions. Centro de Estudos de Comunicac¸ ˜ao e Sociedade, Universidade do Minho, Braga, pp 190–200

    Google Scholar 

  • Horton J (2011) Lancet 377:439

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Komac B (2009) Acta Geogr Slov 49:199

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Komac B, Zorn M, Cigli R (2013) Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci Discuss 1:2255

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • UPStrat-MAFA European project (2013) http://upstrat-mafa.ov.ingv.it/UPStrat/

  • Wisner B (2006) Let our children teach us! a review of the role of education and knowledge in disaster risk reduction. ISDR system thematic cluster. Platform on knowledge and 20 education, Bangalore

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This study was co-financed by the EU—Civil Protection Financial Instrument (Urban disaster Prevention Strategies using MAcroseismic Fields and FAult Sources—UPStrat-MAFA, Grant Agreement N. 23031/2011/613486/SUB/A5).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Consortia

Corresponding author

Correspondence to G. Musacchio .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this paper

Cite this paper

Musacchio, G., Bernhardsdóttir, A., Ferreira, M., Falsaperla, S., UPStrat-MAFA Outreach Working Group. (2014). Long-Term Disaster-Prevention Strategies Based on Education. In: Lollino, G., Arattano, M., Giardino, M., Oliveira, R., Peppoloni, S. (eds) Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 7. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09303-1_14

Download citation