Semiconductor Technology and the Energy Efficiency of ICT
- 3.4k Downloads
CMOS circuits have been the workhorse of ICT for 40 years. Due to the unique scaling property of this technology, energy efficiency has enormously improved during that time, notably by lowering the supply voltage from the long-time standard of 5 to 1 V and less. As the era of “happy scaling” has come to an end, progress becomes increasingly difficult and techniques beyond 2D size reductions have come into play. A superior and viable alternative to CMOS has yet to be found.
KeywordsEnergy Efficiency Logic Gate Very Large Scale Integration Memory Chip Power Saving Mode
- 1.Kaeslin, H.: Top-Down Digital VLSI Design. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Boston (2014, forthcoming) Google Scholar
- 3.Liu, T.J.K.: Finfet: history, fundamentals and future. In: Short Course, Symposium on VLSI Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley (2012)Google Scholar
- 4.ITRS ERD Team: Emerging Research Devices (ERD). In: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (2011)Google Scholar