Advertisement

Inventory of Rock Slope Deformations Affecting Folded Sedimentary Layers in Moderate Relief Context: The Case of the Livingstone Range Anticlinorium, AB, Canada

  • F. HumairEmail author
  • J.-L. Epard
  • M.-H. Derron
  • M. Jaboyedoff
  • D. Pana
  • C. Froese
  • A. Pedrazzini
Conference paper

Abstract

This contribution investigates the distribution of rock slope deformations (RSD) and their relationships with tectonic structures, lithological and topographic contexts. This is performed in a moderate relief context (1,100–2,500 masl.) affected by thin-skin tectonic. The proposed inventory, along the Livingstone range anticlinorium (LRA), contains 160 gravitational events that are spatially clustered in four areas. The thrust-folds properties (density, geometry and lithology) and the local relief appear to primary influence the development of RSD in this context.

Keywords

Thin skin tectonic Sedimentary layers Rock slope deformations Inventory 

References

  1. Agliardi F, Zanchi A, Crosta G (2009) Tectonic vs. gravitational morphostructures in the central Eastern Alps (Italy): constraints on the recent evolution of the mountain range. Tectonophysics 474:250–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antinao JL, Gosse J (2009) Large rockslides in the Southern Central Andres of Chile (32–34.5°S): Tectonic control and significance for quaternary landscape evolution. Geomorphology 104:117–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Besag J (1977) Discussion of Dr Ripley’s paper. J Roy Stat Soc B 39:193–195Google Scholar
  4. Clarke BA, Burbank DW (2010) Bedrock fracturing, threshold hillslopes and limits to the magnitude of bedrock landslide. Earth Planet Sci Lett 297:577–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cooley MA, Price RA, Dixon JM, Kurtis Kyser T (2011) Along-strike variations and internal details of chevron-style, flexural-slip thrust-propagation folds within the southern Livingstone Range anticlinorium, a paleohydrocarbon reservoir in southern Alberta Foothills, Canada. AAPG Bulletin 95(11):1821–1849Google Scholar
  6. Crosta GB, Frattini P, Agliardi F (2013) Deep-seated gravitational slope deformations in the European Alps. Tectonophysics 605:13–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cruden DM, Eaton TM (1987) Reconnaissance of rockslide hazards in Kananaskis Country, Alberta. Can Geotech J 24:414–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hermanns RL, Niedermann S, Villanueva Garcia A, Sosa Gomez J, Strecker MR (2001) Neotectonics and catastrophic failure of mountain fronts in the southern intra-Andean Puna Plateau, Argentina. Geology 29:619–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hutchinson JN (1988) General report: morphological and geotechnical parameters of landslides in relation to geology and hydrogeology. In: Bonnard C (ed) Proceedings of the fifth international symposium on landslides, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 3–35Google Scholar
  10. Jackson L (2002) Landslides and landscape evolution in the rocky mountains and adjacent Foothills area, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Geol Soc Am Rev Eng Geol 15:325–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kühni A, Pfiffner OA (2001) The relief of the Swiss Alps and adjacent areas and its relation to lithology and structure: topographic analysis from a 250 m DEM. Geomorphology 41:285–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McMehan ME, Stockmal GS (2013) Geology, Maycroft, Alberta, geological survey of Canada, Canadian Geoscience Map 25, scale 1:50000. doi: 10.4095/289711
  13. Meentemeyer RK, Moody A (2000) Automated mapping of alignment between topography and geologic bedding planes. Comput Geosci 26:815–829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Montgomery DR, Brandon MT (2002) Topographic controls on erosion rates in tectonically active mountain ranges, Earth Plan. Sci Lett 201:481–489Google Scholar
  15. Norris DK (1955) Blairmore, Alberta. Canadian Geoloigcal Survey, 55–18Google Scholar
  16. Pedrazzini A, Humair F, Jaboyedoff M, Tonini M (submitted) Characterization and spatial distribution of gravitational slope deformations in the upper Rhone catchment (Western Swiss Alps)Google Scholar
  17. Ripley BD (1977) Modelling spatial patterns (with discussion). J Roy Stat Soc B 39:172–212Google Scholar
  18. Schmidt KM, Montgomery DR (1995) Limits to relief. Science 70:617–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Silverman BW (1986) Density estimation for statistics and data analysis. Chapman and Hall, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tonini M, Pedrazzini A, Penna I, Jabyodedoff M (2013) Spatial pattern of landslides in Swiss Rhone Valley, Natural Hazards. doi: 10.1007/s11069-012-0522-9

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Humair
    • 1
    Email author
  • J.-L. Epard
    • 1
  • M.-H. Derron
    • 1
  • M. Jaboyedoff
    • 1
  • D. Pana
    • 2
  • C. Froese
    • 3
  • A. Pedrazzini
    • 4
  1. 1.ISTEUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Alberta Geological SurveyEdmontonCanada
  3. 3.Alberta Energy RegulatorCalgaryCanada
  4. 4.Office de l’environnementSt-UrsanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations