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Urban Underground Space Management: An Approach by Indicators for Groundwater Protection

Conference paper

Abstract

Urban growth is often limited by available horizontal space. Lots of reasons can explain this horizontal limitation: coastal or mountainous areas, areas submitted to natural hazards, protection of agricultural areas, etc. Human activities, will favour vertical development of the city: by soaring up buildings above the soil surface, but also by underground constructions at increasing depths. This vertical urban development is not without consequence on subsoil resources. In particular, groundwater resource can be vulnerable when operating in this space. This article deals with the development of a new tool useful for urban underground space management and dedicated to groundwater resource. The approach is based on three dimensional modelling of the hydrogeological context of a living area. Thus, the influence and hydrogeological interactions of deep buildings will be interpreted to develop indicators. These indicators are intended to integrate vertical dimension of the city into planning documents. They will enable to assess the disturbance liable to be induced by underground constructions on groundwater flow.

Keywords

Groundwater Urban planning Deterministic modelling Alluvial aquifer Underground building 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire D’Ecologie Des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés (LEHNA)UMR CNRS 5023, Ecole Nationale Des Travaux Publics de L’EtatVaulx-En-VelinFrance
  2. 2.Cerema, Environnement Territoires ClimatL’Isle D’AbeauFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire D’étude Des Transferts En Hydrologie et Environnement (LTHE), Domaine UniversitaireSaint Martin D’HèresFrance

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