Evaluation and Management of Proximal Humerus Nonunions and Malunions

  • Dale Nicholas ReedEmail author


The management of proximal humerus nonunions and malunions can be challenging for even the most experienced shoulder surgeon. To adequately diagnose and properly treat proximal humerus nonunions and malunions, the surgeon must understand the etiology. The correct preoperative evaluation should be adequately performed including a detailed history, physical exam, review of laboratory values and appropriate imaging. The role of nonoperative management should be understood and chosen if appropriate. There is currently no gold standard for treatment of malunions and nonunions of the proximal humerus. If surgical intervention is performed, then the correct surgery should be chosen on the best available literature that exists for each type of proximal humerus nonunion and malunion to guarantee the best outcome for both the patient and surgeon.


Rotator Cuff Humeral Head Avascular Necrosis Proximal Humerus Great Tuberosity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OrthopedicsAssociates in Orthopedics and Sports MedicineDaltonUSA

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