Advertisement

Specific Features of NPLs with a Flowing Gas Medium

  • S. P. Melnikov
  • A. N. Sizov
  • A. A. Sinyanskii
  • George H. Miley
Chapter

Abstract

Investigations of optical inhomogeneities in sealed NPLs have revealed that flowing of the gas medium through the laser cavity is a necessary condition for achieving CW lasing in the stationary and quasi-stationary excitation modes. Gas heating is a no less important factor that requires the implementation of gas flowing.

Keywords

Fission Fragment Heat Conductivity Coefficient Turbulent Pulse Thermal Diffusivity Coefficient Viscous Boundary Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    F.V. Bunkin, V.I. Derzhiyev, A.V. Karelin, A.L. Nefedov, V.I. Subbotin, V.V. Kharitonov, K.R. Chikin, S.I. Yakovlenko, Statsionarnyy reaktor-lazer s poverkhnostnoy nakachkoy [Stationary Laser Reactor with Surface Pumping], No. 321. Preprint IOF AN SSSR [Preprint of the Institute of General Physics (IGP) of the AS USSR (Academy of Sciences, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Moscow, 1985)]Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Schlichting, Teoriya pogranichnogo sloya [Boundary Layer Theory]. Inostr. lit-ra [Foreign Literature Publishing House, Moscow, 1956]Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L.N. Polyanin, M.Kh. Ibragimov, G.I. Sabelev, Teploobmen v yadernykh reaktorakh [Heat Exchange in Nuclear Reactors]. Energoizdat [Scientific and Technical Publishing House of Power-Engineering Literature, Moscow, 1982]Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L.D. Landau, Y.M. Lifshits, Mekhanika sploshnykh sred [Continuum Mechanics]. Gostekhteorizdat [State Publishing House of Technical and Theoretical Literature, Moscow, 1954]Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F.Y. Kramerov, Y.V. Shevelev, Inzhenernyye raschety yadernykh reaktorov [Engineering Calculations of Nuclear Reactors]. Atomizdat [Publishing House of the State Committee on the Use of Atomic Energy, Moscow, 1964]Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I.I. Novikov, K.D. Voskresenskiy, Prikladnaya termodinamika i teploperedacha [Applied Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer]. Gosatomizdat [State Publishing House of Literature in the Area of Nuclear Science and Technology, Moscow, 1961]Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y.F. Ratnikov, S.D. Tetelbaum, Gazy kak teplonositeli i rabochiye tela yadernykh energeticheskikh ustanovok [Gases as Heat Carriers and Working Media of Nuclear Power Installations]. [Atomizdat] (Publishing House of the State Committee on the Use of Atomic Energy, Moscow, 1978)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.N. Kolmogorov, Lokalnaya struktura turbulentnosti v neszhimayemoy zhidkosti pri ochen bolshikh chislakh Reynoldsa [Local structure of turbulence in an incompressible fluid at very high Reynolds numbers]. Doklady AN SSSR 30(4), 299–303 (1941)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G.U. Lipman, Vzlet i padeniye idey v turbulentnosti [Rise and fall of ideas in turbulence]. Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk 143(4), 641–656 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V.I. Tatarskiy, Rasprostraneniye voln v turbulentnoy atmosfere [Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Atmosphere] (Nauka [Science] Publishing House, Moscow, 1967)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D.I. Aveliani, S.S. Kutateladze, Vzaimodeystviye sveta s turbulentnym potokom zhidkosti [Light interaction with a turbulent fluid flow]. Prikladnaya mekhanika i tekhnicheskaya fizika (4), 115–123 (1973)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.M. Obukhov, Struktura temperaturnogo polya v turbulentnom potoke [Structure of a temperature field in a turbulent flow]. Izvestiya AN SSSR. Ser. geogr. i geofiz. 13(1), 58–69 (1949)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.M. Yaglom, O lokalnoy strukture polya temperatur v turbulentnom potoke [On the local structure of a temperature field in a turbulent flow]. Doklady AN SSSR 69(6), 743–746 (1949)zbMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G.W. Sutton, Effect of turbulent fluctuations in an optically active fluid medium. AIAA J. 7(9), 1737–1743 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Brederlow, E. Fill, K. Witte, Moshchnyy yodnyy lazer [High-Power Iodine Laser]. Energoatomizdat [Publishing House for Power Engineering and Nuclear Science and Technology, Moscow, 1985]Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.G. Ktalkherman, V.M. Malkov, Aerooptika soplovykh blokov gazodinamicheskikh lazerov [Aerooptics of the nozzle clusters of gasdynamic lasers]. Prikladnaya mekhanika i tekhnicheskaya fizika (6), 20–28 (1993)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I.A. Alekseyev, A.K. Zinchenko, Rezonatory moshcnykh tekhnologicheskikh lazerov: Obzor OA-35 [High-power industrial laser cavities: review OA-35]. NIIEFA [Electrophysical Apparatus Research Institute, Leningrad, 1980]Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.P. Melnikov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, O predelnom KPD [koeffitsient poleznogo deystviya] gazovykh lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy [On the ultimate efficiency of nuclear-pumped gas lasers]. Tr. otraslevoy konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of Specialist Conference "Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers"]. Obninsk, vol. 2, pp. 133–148 (S.P. Melnikov, A.A. Sinyanskii, Ultimate efficiency of nuclear-pumped gas lasers//Laser Part. Beams. 11(4), 645–654 (1993)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    A.A. Sinyanskiy, Issledovaniye po sozdaniyu yaderno-lazernykh ustroystv nepreryvnogo deystviya vo VNIIEF [Research on the Creation of Continuous-Wave Nuclear Lasers at the VNIIEF (Russian National Experimental Physics Research Institute)]. Tr. 2-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 1 (Arzamas-16, 1995), pp. 16–36Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.M. Voinov, S.P. Melnikov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, Kineticheskaya model rekombinatsionnykh lazerov na perekhodakh atom ksenona [Kinetic model of recombination lasers based on xenon atom transitions]. ZhTF [J. Tech. Phys.] 60(10), 100–113 (1990)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    K. Smith, R. Thomson, Numerical modeling of gas lasers. Mir [World]. (Publishing House, Moscow, 1981)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V.V. Borovkov, B.V. Lazhintsev, V.A. Nor-Arevyan, A.N. Sizov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, Patent RF [Russian Federation Patent] No. 3207271/25 (1984). Gas laser. Izobreteniya [Inventions], No. 5, (1996)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    I.I. Borovkov, B.V. Lazhintsev, V.A. Nor-Arevyan, A.N. Sizov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, G.F. Fedorov, Osobennosti gazodinamiki prokachnykh LYaN i problemy formirovaniya kachestva svetovogo puchka [Gasdynamic features of flowing NPLs and problems in the definition of light beam quality]. Tr. 2-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 1 (Arzamas-16, 1995), pp. 399–406)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    V.V. Borovkov, B.V. Lazhintsev, V.A. Nor-Arevyan, A.N. Sizov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, G.F. Fedorov, Osobennosti gazodinamiki prokachnykh lazerov, vozbuzhdayemykh oskolkami deleniya yader urana [Gasdynamic features of flowing lasers excited by uranium fission fragments]. Kvantovaya elektronika [Quant. Electron.] 22(12), 1187–1191 (1995)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.S. Kutateladze, Osnovy teorii teploobmena [Principles of the heat exchange theory]. Atomizdat [Publishing House of the State Committee on the Use of Atomic Energy, Moscow, 1979]Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A.M. Voinov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, A.G. Vasilenko, O.A. Golubeva, L.Y. Dovbysh, V.V. Ivanov, M.I. Kuvshinov, B.V. Lazhintsev, A.Y. Lakhtikov, S.P. Melnikov, A.B. Modenov, V.A. Nor-Arevyan, A.M. Pichugin, A.N. Pokalo, V.V. Porkhayev, Y.A. Pospelov, A.V. Sinitsyn, I.G. Smirnov, S.L. Turutin, M.V. Khlestkov, Eksperimentalnyy kompleks LM-4/BIGR. Polucheniye generatsii v smesi Ar-Xe s dlitelnostyu boleye 1s [LM-4/BIGR Experimental Facility. Achievement of lasing in an Ar-Xe mixture with a duration of more than 1 sec]. Tr. 2-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 2 (Arzamas-16, 1995), pp. 179–185Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    V.A. Mayorov, V.M. Polyayev, L.L. Vasilyev, A.I. Kiselev, Intensifikatsiya konvektivnogo teploobmena v kanalakh s poristym vysokoteploprovodnym zapolnitelem. I. Teploobmen pri lokalnom teplovom ravnovesii vnutri pronitsayemoy matritsy [Intensification of convective heat exchange in channels containing a porous highly conductive filler. I. Heat exchange during local heat equilibrium within a permeable matrix]. Inzhenerno-fizicheskiy zhurnal 47(1), 13–24 (1984)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    V.A. Mayorov, V.M. Polyayev, L.L. Vasilyev, V.N. Bogdanov. Intensifikatsiya konvektivnogo teploobmena v kanalakh s poristym vysokoteploprovodnym zapolnitelem. II. Forsirovannyy rezhim teploobmena [Intensification of Convective Heat Exchange in Channels Containing a Porous Highly Conductive Filler. II. Accelerated Heat Exchange Mode]. Ibid., No. 2, pp. 199–205Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    V.A. Mayorov, Granichnyye usloviya dlya sistemy intensivnogo transpiratsionnogo okhlazhdeniya [Boundary Conditions for an Intense Transpiration Cooling System]. Ibid., No. 4, pp. 587–594Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    A.V. Kurpatenkov, V.M. Polyayev, A.L. Sintsov, Otsenka effektivnosti protochnogo poristogo okhlazhdeniya (granichnoye usloviye tretyego roda) [Estimation of the efficiency of direct-flow porous cooling (boundary condition of the third kind]. Inzhenerno-fizicheskiy zhurnal 53(3), 361–365 (1987)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A.V. Kurpatenkov, V.M. Polyayev, A.L. Sintsov, O matematicheskikh modelyakh protsessov poristogo okhlazhdeniya [On Mathematical Models of Porous Cooling Processes]. Ibid., No. 2, pp. 243–249Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    B.S. Petukhov, L.G. Genin, S.A. Kovalev, Teploobmen v yadernykh energeticheskikh ustanovkakh [Heat Exchange in Nuclear Power Installations]. Energoatomizdat [Publishing House for Power Engineering and Nuclear Science and Technology, Moscow, 1986]Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    N.B. Vargaftik, D. Vasilevskaya Yu, Teploprovodnost geliya pri temperaturakh 300–6000°K [Helium heat conduction at temperatures of 300–6,000°K]. Inzhenerno-fizicheskiy zhurnal 42(3), 412–417 (1982)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    A.G. Shashkov, N.A. Nesterov, O.A. Kolenchits, Teploprovodnost inertnykh gazov v shirokom diapazone temperatur [Rare gas heat conduction over a wide temperature range]. Inzhenerno-fizicheskiy zhurnal 43(5), 788–795 (1982)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    N.B. Vargaftik, Spravochnik po teplofizicheskim svoystvam gazov i zhidkostey [Handbook on the Thermophysical Properties of Gases and Liquids]. Nauka [Science Publishing House, Moscow, 1972]Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    V.V. Borovkov, B.V. Lazhintsev, S.P. Melnikov, I.N. Mochkayev, V.A. Nor-Arevyan, A.A. Sinyanskiy, G.I. Fedorov, Issledovaniye opticheskikh neodnorodnostey v lazerakh s yadernoy nakachkoy [Investigation of optical inhomogeneities in nuclear-pumped lasers]. Izvestiya AN SSSR. Ser. fizicheskaya 54(10), 2009–2015 (1990)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    A.N. Sizov, O svyazi prostranstvennykh neodnorodnostey nakachki s moshchnostyu generatsii lazerov, vozbuzhdayemykh oskolkami deleniya urana [On the relationship between pumping spatial inhomogeneities and the lasing output of lasers excited by uranium fission fragments]. Pisma v ZhTF [Lett. J. Tech. Phys.] 20(9), 64–67 (1994)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    F.S. Milos, A. Acrivos, Steady flow past sudden expansions at large Reynolds number. Part I: boundary layer solutions. Phys. Fluids. 29(5), 1353–1359 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    F.S. Milos, A. Acrivos, J. Kim, Steady flow past sudden expansions at large Reynolds number. Part II: Navier-Stokes solutions for the cascade expansion. Phys. Fluids 30(1), 7–18 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    M.S. Anand, S.B. Pope, Diffusion behind a line source in grid turbulence. In: Turbulent Shear Flow 4. (Spinger-Verlag, 1985), pp. 46–61Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    V.N. Bogdanov, A.G. Vasilenko, V.V. Zherebtsov, V.V. Ivanov, M.I. Kuvshinov, A.Y. Lakhtikov, V.S. Mayornikov, A.B. Modenov, A.V. Nikulin, V.A. Nor-Arevyan, A.N. Pokalo, A.A. Sinyanskiy, I.G. Smirnov, S.L. Turutin, M.V. Khlestkov, V.V. Shirokov, Eksperimentalnyy kompleks LM-4/BIGR. Ustroystvo i printsip raboty [LM-4/BIGR Experimental Facility. Arrangement and Operating Principle]. Tr. 2-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 2 (Arzamas-16, 1995), pp. 172–178Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    V.F. Kolesov. Aperiodicheskiye impulsnyye reaktory [Aperiodic Pulse Reactors]. RFYaTs-VNIIEF [Russian Federal Nuclear Center at the Russian National Experimental Physics Research Institute, Sarov, 1999]Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    A.N. Sizov, V.V. Porkhayev, Vliyaniye skorosti gazovogo potoka na moshchnost generatsii protochnykh lazerov, vozbuzhdayemykh oskolkami deleniya yader urana [Effect of gas flow velocity on the lasing output of flowing lasers excited by uranium nuclear fission fragments]. Kvantovaya Elektronika [Quant. Electron.] 23(6), 510–514 (1996)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    L.M. Montierth, W.A. Neuman, D.W. Nigg, B.J. Merrill, Energy deposition in direct nuclear pumped optical cavities. J. Appl. Phys. 69(10), 6776–6788 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    V.Y. Matyev, A.N. Sizov, Profil plotnosti v slaboprogrevayemykh prokachnykh kanalakh LYaN [Density profile in the slightly heated flowing channels of NPLs]. Tr. 2-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 1 (Arzamas-16, 1995), pp. 407–409Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    A.N. Sizov, L.P. Babich, I.M. Kutsyk, Y.V. Prikhodko. Raschet prostranstvennykh neodnorodnostey v prokachnykh LYaN [Calculation of spatial inhomogeneities in flowing NPLs]. Tr. 3-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy i impulsnyye reaktory” [Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference “Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers and Pulse Reactors”], (Snezhinsk, 2003), pp. 298–306Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    A.N. Sizov, Y.N. Deryugin, Raschet prostranstvennykh neodnorodnostey v tsilindricheskikh gazovykh lazerakh s yadernoy nakachkoy [Calculation of spatial inhomogeneities in cylindrical nuclear-pumped gas lasers]. Tez. dokl. VI Vsesoyuz. konf. “Optika lazerov” [Abstracts of Papers Presented at the 6th All-Union Conference “Laser Optics”], (Leningrad, 1990), p. 132Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A.N. Sizov, Y.N. Deryugin, Raschety prostranstvennykh neodnorodnostey v tsilindricheskikh gazovykh lazerakh s nakachkoy oskolkami deleniya [Calculations of spatial inhomogeneities in cylindrical fission-fragment pumped gas lasers]. ZhTF [J. Tech. Phys.] 62(9), 107–111 (1992)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    V.Y. Matyev, Metody rascheta energovklada ionov v neodnorodnykh sredakh [Techniques for calculating ion energy deposition in inhomogeneous media]. Tr. otraslevoy konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the Specialist Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 2 (Obninsk, 1993), pp. 79–88Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    V.Y. Matyev, Dvumernyy profil skorosti techeniya gaza v kanalakh LYaN [Two-dimensional gas flow velocity profile in the channels of NPLs]. Tr. 2-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 1 (Arzamas-16, 1995), pp. 430–442Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    A.N. Sizov, Osobennosti techeniy gaza v prokachnykh LYaN [Distinctive features of gas flows in flowing NPLs]. Tr. 3-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy i impulsnyye reaktory” [Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference “Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers and Pulse Reactors”]. (Snezhinsk, 2003), pp. 263–272Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    S.P. Melnikov, I.N. Mochkayev, A.A. Sinyanskiy, Raspredeleniye izlucheniya lazera s yadernoy nakachkoy na perekhode atoma neona v blizhney zone [Radiation distribution of a nuclear-pumped laser based on neon atom transition in a near-field region]. Tr. otraslevoy konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of an Specialist Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 2 (Obninsk, 1993), pp. 233–239Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    A.N. Korzenev, M. Limar Yu, A.N. Sizov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, Raspredeleniye intensivnosti protochnogo gazovogo lazera s yadernoy nakachkoy [Intensity distribution of a flowing gas nuclear-pump laser]. Kvantovaya elektronika [Quant. Electron.] 35(9), 795–798 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    L.L. Kazakov, Rezultaty resursnykh ispytaniy energovydelyayushchikh elementov dlya LYaN [Results of life cycle tests of energy-releasing elements for NPLs]. Tr. otraslevoy konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the Specialist Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 3 (Obninsk, 1993), pp. 41–49Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    L.L. Kazakov, Strukturnyye i fazovyye izmeneniya v energovydelyayushchikh elementakh pri dlitelnom obluchenii [Structural and phase changes in energy-releasing elements during prolonged irradiation]. Tr. 2-y Mezhdunarod. konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 2 (Arzamas-16, 1995), pp. 60–68Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    D.R. Neal, W.C. Sweatt, J.R. Torczynski, Resonator design with an intracavity time-varying index gradient. Proc. SPIE. 965, 130–141 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Y.V. Prikhodko, A.N. Sizov, Raschetnyy analiz ustoychivosti rezonatorov lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy [Numerical analysis of nuclear-pumped laser cavity stability]. Kvantovaya electronika [Quant. Electron.]. 22(6), 613–618 (1995)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Y.V. Prikhodko, A.N. Sizov, Dopustimyy peregrev gazovoy sredy v prokachnom lazere, vozbuzhdayemom oskolkami deleniya yader urana [Permissible overheating of the gas medium in a flowing laser excited by uranium fission fragments]. Kvantovaya electronika [Quant. Electron.]. 28(3), 207–211 (1999)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    V.T. Kazazyan, B.A. Litvinenko, L.P. Roginets, I.A. Savushkin, Fizicheskiye osnovy ispolzovaniya kineticheskoy energii oskolkov deleniya v radiatsionnoy khimii [Physical principles of the use of fission-fragment kinetic energy in radiochemistry]. Nauka i tekhnika [Science and Technology] (Publishing House, Minsk, 1972)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    V.V. Borovkov, G.V. Vlokh, B.V. Lazhintsev, V.A. Nor-Arevyan, A.N. Sizov, A.A. Sinyanskiy, G.E. Filippov, Effektivnost energovklada v lazerakh s nakachkoy oskolkami deleniya urana [Energy deposition efficiency in uranium fission-fragment-pumped lasers]. Kvantovaya electronika [Quant. Electron.] 22(3), 219–224 (1995)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    V.Y. Matyev, A.N. Sizov, Vliyaniye neodnorodnostey lazernoy sredy na gazodinimicheskiye raschety lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy [Effect of laser medium inhomogeneities on gasdynamic calculations of nuclear-pumped lasers]. Tr. otraslevoy konf. “Fizika yaderno-vozbuzhdayemoy plazmy i problemy lazerov s yadernoy nakachkoy” [Proceedings of the Specialist Conference “Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers”], vol. 2 (Obninsk, 1993), pp. 209–218Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. P. Melnikov
    • 1
  • A. N. Sizov
    • 1
  • A. A. Sinyanskii
    • 1
  • George H. Miley
    • 2
  1. 1.The Russian Federal Nuclear CenterSarovRussia
  2. 2.University of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

Personalised recommendations