State of Vocational Rehabilitation and Disability Evaluation in Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain Conditions

  • Michiel F. RenemanEmail author
Part of the Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability book series (SHHDW)


This chapter comprises two parts: part A on vocational rehabilitation and part B on disability evaluation. In both parts clinical and scientific perspectives are intertwined. Practical suggestions will be given based on the evidence provided.

The focus in this chapter is on working adults of working age, with chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain conditions (CMPCs) and work outcomes. Patients with acute conditions, lasting shorter than 6–12 weeks, are typically not referred to vocational rehabilitation or disability evaluation. “Nonspecific” refers to the exclusion of specific medical diagnoses for a musculoskeletal condition, such as infection, tumor, osteoporosis, ankylosing spondylitis, fracture, inflammatory process, radicular syndrome, or cauda equina syndrome. Work outcomes may be very diverse. It may refer to staying at work, modified work, temporarily or permanently working, returning to work (RTW), and a combination of these.


Work Ability Vocational Rehabilitation Modify Work Disability Evaluation Functional Capacity Evaluation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Rehabilitation, Department of Rehabilitation MedicineUniversity Medical Center Groningen, University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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