Vocational Rehabilitation

  • Sven-Uno MarnetoftEmail author
Part of the Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability book series (SHHDW)


The aim of this chapter is to provide a picture of the importance of vocational rehabilitation (VR) in supporting sick or injured people in keeping their job or in offering them another job. Many definitions have been proposed for VR. The definition proposed by the ICF seems the most comprehensive one. One of the key components of the ICF definition is the optimisation of work participation. VR is a complex activity since it is practised in varied organisational bodies and with the involvement of various countries, which can affect those who undergo VR, how the process is conducted, and what the outcomes are. VR can be seen as a process in its own right or as identical to the return to work (RTW) process. An important component in the RTW process is the assessment stage. The ICF core sets can play an important role as assessment tools. During the assessment phase, it is important to mobilise the person’s strengths and abilities rather than focusing on limitations and weaknesses. The strengths perspective in social work is well known in the case management field through Strengths Model case management. With regard to VR rehabilitation interventions, there is some support for the idea that workplace interventions have a certain effect on RTW. It is important to make use of individuals’ remaining working capacity, which is in line with the ICF biopsychosocial approach. It is important to rehabilitate people back to work instead of providing a disability pension. The visualisation of the ICF concept on the basis of benefits and limitations shows a number of significant benefits that can be used in the VR process.


Sickness Absence Disability Pension Vocational Rehabilitation Sickness Benefit Workplace Intervention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Caseman Rehabilitering ABÖstersundSweden

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