ICF from a Population Health Perspective: The Impact of Chronic Disease on Work Participation and Its Consequences for Intervention and Treatment
Ill health is an important determinant of displacement from the labour force due to disability and becoming or staying unemployed. In an ageing workforce, more workers will be faced with health problems that may hamper their ability to be productive at work. For particular chronic diseases, such as arthritis and mental disorders, it is known that individuals with disease may lose a substantial number of years in paid employment. It is a societal challenge to support sustainable employability of persons with temporary or chronic health problems. This requires legislation and support schemes to make the workplace more ‘disability friendly’. Professionals in vocational rehabilitation should pay much more attention in medical treatment and guidance to the impact of disease on paid employment.
KeywordsSickness Absence Labour Force Participation Vocational Rehabilitation Work Participation Chronic Health Problem
- 5.Survey on Health and Ageing in Europe (SHARE). www.share-project.org (2013). Accessed Dec 2013.
- 8.Burdorf A, van den Berg T, Avendano M, Kunst A, Mackenbach J. The effects of ill health on displacement from the labour market and potential impact of prevention. In: Börsch-Supan A, editor. Health, ageing and retirement in Europe (2004–2007). Starting the longitudinal dimension. Mannheim: SHARE; 2008.Google Scholar