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A Comparison of 3D Sensors for Wheeled Mobile Robots

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 302)

Abstract

3D sensors are used for many different applications, e.g., scene reconstruction, object detection, and mobile robots, etc. Several studies on usability and accuracy have been done for different sensors. However, all these studies have used different settings for the different sensors. For this reason we compare five 3D sensors, including the structured light sensors Microsoft Kinect and ASUS Xtion Pro Live, and the time of flight sensors Fotonic E70P, IFM O3D200 and Nippon Signal FX6, using the same settings. The sensor noise, absolute error, and point detection rates are compared for different depth values, environmental illumination, and different surfaces. Also, simple models of the noise depending on the measured depth are proposed. It is found that structured light sensors are very accurate for close ranges. The time of flight sensors have more noise, but the noise does not increase as strongly with the measured distance. Further, it is found that these sensors can be used for outdoor applications.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is funded by the Germany Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF Grant 01IM12005B). The authors are responsible for the content of this publication. Further, we thank Jan Leininger for assisting us with all the measurements.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair of Cognitive SystemsUniversity of TuebingenTuebingenGermany

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