Skip to main content

Part of the book series: Biosystems & Biorobotics ((BIOSYSROB,volume 7))

  • 2222 Accesses

Abstract

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a surgical treatment for chronic neuropathic pain that is refractory to other treatment. Originally described by Shealy et al. in 1967(1), it is used to treat a range of conditions such as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS I)(2), angina pectoris(3), radicular pain after failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS)(4), pain due to peripheral nerve injury, stump pain(5), peripheral vascular disease(6) and diabetic neuropathy(7,8); whereas phantom pain(9), postherpetic neuralgia(10), chronic visceral pain(11), and pain after partial spinal cord injury(12) remain more controversial. SCS is not effective in relieving central neuropathic pain states.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 259.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

  1. Shealy, C.N., Mortimer, J.T., Reswick, J.B.: Electrical inhibition of pain by stimulation of the dorsal columns: preliminary clinical report. Anesth Analg 46, 489–491 (1967)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Kemler, M.A., de Vet, H.C., Barendse, G.A., van den Wildenberg, F.A., van, K.M.: Effect of spinal cord stimulation for chronic complex regional pain syndrome Type I: five-year final follow-up of patients in a randomized controlled trial. J. Neurosurg. 108, 292–298 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Mannheimer, C., Eliasson, T., Augustinsson, L.E., Blomstrand, C., Emanuelsson, H., Larsson, S., Norrsell, H., Hjalmarsson, A.: Electrical stimulation versus coronary artery bypass surgery in severe angina pectoris: the ESBY study. Circulation 97, 1157–1163 (1998)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. North, R.B., Kidd, D.H., Farrokhi, F., Piantadosi, S.A.: Spinal cord stimulation versus repeated lumbosacral spine surgery for chronic pain: a randomized, controlled trial. Neurosurgery 56, 98–106 (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Simpson, B.A., Meyerson, B.A., Linderoth, B.: Spinal cord and brain stimulation. In: McMahon, S., Koltzenburg, M. (eds.) Wall and Melzack’s Textbook of Pain, 5th edn., pp. 563–582. Elsevier (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Klomp, H.M., Spincemaille, G.H., Steyerberg, E.W., Habbema, J.D., van Urk, H.: Spinal-cord stimulation in critical limb ischaemia: a randomised trial. ESES Study Group. Lancet 353, 1040–1044 (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Tesfaye, S., Watt, J., Benbow, S.J., Pang, K.A., Miles, J., MacFarlane, I.A.: Electrical spinal-cord stimulation for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Lancet 348, 1698–1701 (1996)

    Google Scholar 

  8. de Vos, C.C., Rajan, V., Steenbergen, W., van der Aa, H.E., Buschman, H.P.: Effect and safety of spinal cord stimulation for treatment of chronic pain caused by diabetic neuropathy. J. Diabetes Complications 23, 40–45 (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Viswanathan, A., Phan, P.C., Burton, A.W.: Use of spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of phantom limb pain: case series and review of the literature. Pain Pract. 10, 479–484 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Meglio, M., Cioni, B., Rossi, G.F.: Spinal cord stimulation in management of chronic pain. A 9-year experience. J. Neurosurg. 70, 519–524 (1989)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Kapural, L., Nagem, H., Tlucek, H., Sessler, D.I.: Spinal cord stimulation for chronic visceral abdominal pain. Pain Med. 11, 347–355 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Lagauche, D., Facione, J., Albert, T., Fattal, C.: The chronic neuropathic pain of spinal cord injury: which efficiency of neuropathic stimulation? Ann. Phys. Rehabil. Med. 52, 180–187 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Melzack, R., Wall, P.D.: Pain mechanisms: a new theory. Science 150, 971–979 (1965)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Stiller, C.O., Cui, J.G., O’Connor, W.T., Brodin, E., Meyerson, B.A., Linderoth, B.: Release of gamma-aminobutyric acid in the dorsal horn and suppression of tactile allodynia by spinal cord stimulation in mononeuropathic rats. Neurosurgery 39, 367–374 (1996)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Guan, Y., Wacnik, P.W., Yang, F., Carteret, A.F., Chung, C.Y., Meyer, R.A., Raja, S.N.: Spinal cord stimulation-induced analgesia: electrical stimulation of dorsal column and dorsal roots attenuates dorsal horn neuronal excitability in neuropathic rats. Anesthesiology 113, 1392–1405 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  16. El-Khoury, C., Hawwa, N., Baliki, M., Atweh, S.F., Jabbur, S.J., Saade, N.E.: Attenuation of neuropathic pain by segmental and supraspinal activation of the dorsal column system in awake rats. Neuroscience 112, 541–553 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Stancak, A., Kozak, J., Vrba, I., Tintera, J., Vrana, J., Polacek, H., Stancak, M.: Functional magnetic resonance imaging of cerebral activation during spinal cord stimulation in failed back surgery syndrome patients. Eur. J. Pain 12, 137–148 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Meier, K., Nikolajsen, L., Flink, M., Simonsen, R., Milidou, I., Jensen, T.S., Sorensen, J.C.: The Aarhus Neuromodulation Database. Neuromodulation 16, 506–513 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this paper

Cite this paper

Meier, K. (2014). Spinal Cord Stimulation: Background and Clinical Application. In: Jensen, W., Andersen, O., Akay, M. (eds) Replace, Repair, Restore, Relieve – Bridging Clinical and Engineering Solutions in Neurorehabilitation. Biosystems & Biorobotics, vol 7. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08072-7_17

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08072-7_17

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-08071-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-08072-7

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics