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Manufacturing of Natural Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites by Solvent Casting Method

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Globally increasing environmental concern of petroleum-based material leads to finding the alternative renewable natural sources. Natural fibre-based composite is gaining immense interest not only because of its positive environmental impact but also its economic advantages. One of the very first and simplest processing techniques that have been used for preparing natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites is solvent casting method. In practice, the major advantage of solvent casting is its ease of fabrication without the need of specialized equipment. There are several factors that may influence solvent casting method and hence, the performance of the overall polymer composites. The present chapter provides a comprehensive overview on the manufacturing of natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites by solvent casting method. It comprises information on the factors that influence the method and the properties of the natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites prepared by this method as well as the possible applications.


  • Solvent casting
  • Natural fibre
  • Mechanical properties
  • Thermal properties

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07944-8_16
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Fig. 16.1
Fig. 16.2
Fig. 16.3
Fig. 16.4
Fig. 16.5
Fig. 16.6
Fig. 16.7
Fig. 16.8
Fig. 16.9



Dynamic mechanical analysis


N, N-dimethylformamide


Differential scanning calorimetry




Methyl ethyl ketone


Methyl isobutyl ketone








Polyethylene glycol




Poly(lactic acid)


Poly(methyl methacrylate)


Poly(styrene-co-butyl acrylate)


Poly(vinyl alcohol)


Polyvinyl acetate


Scanning electron microscope

T g :

Glass-transition temperature




Thermomechanical analysis


Waterborne polyurethane


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Kong, I., Tshai, K.Y., Hoque, M.E. (2015). Manufacturing of Natural Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites by Solvent Casting Method. In: Salit, M., Jawaid, M., Yusoff, N., Hoque, M. (eds) Manufacturing of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. Springer, Cham.

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